Concussion in athletics: Ongoing clinical and brain imaging research controversies

Semyon Slobounov, Michael Gay, Brian Johnson, Kai Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Concussion, the most common form of traumatic brain injury, proves to be increasingly complex and not mild in nature as its synonymous term mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) would imply. Despite the increasing occurrence and prevalence of mTBI there is no universally accepted definition and conventional brain imaging techniques lack the sensitivity to detect subtle changes it causes. Moreover, clinical management of sports induced mild traumatic brain injury has not changed much over the past decade. Advances in neuroimaging that include electroencephalography (EEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), resting-state functional connectivity, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) offer promise in aiding research into understanding the complexities and nuances of mTBI which may ultimately influence clinical management of the condition. In this paper the authors review the major findings from these advanced neuroimaging methods along with current controversy within this field of research. As mTBI is frequently associated with youth and sports injury this review focuses on sports-related mTBI in the younger population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-243
Number of pages20
JournalBrain Imaging and Behavior
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

Fingerprint

Brain Concussion
Neuroimaging
Sports
Research
Athletic Injuries
Diffusion Tensor Imaging
Electroencephalography
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Slobounov, Semyon ; Gay, Michael ; Johnson, Brian ; Zhang, Kai. / Concussion in athletics : Ongoing clinical and brain imaging research controversies. In: Brain Imaging and Behavior. 2012 ; Vol. 6, No. 2. pp. 224-243.
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Concussion in athletics : Ongoing clinical and brain imaging research controversies. / Slobounov, Semyon; Gay, Michael; Johnson, Brian; Zhang, Kai.

In: Brain Imaging and Behavior, Vol. 6, No. 2, 01.06.2012, p. 224-243.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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