Condensed-phase kinetics of cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine by modeling the T-jump/infrared spectroscopy experiment

Stefan T. Thynell, Polly E. Gongwer, Thomas B. Brill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During the combustion of solid propellants, explosives, or pyrotechnics, the condensed phase experiences heating rates that may exceed 20,000 K/s. At such high heating rates, the thermal decomposition behavior of the energetic material could be affected by its rate of decomposition. To simulate the high heating rate environment, the T-jump experiment was developed for use with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The T-jump experiment utilizes electrical resistance heating of a thin Pt filament on which a small amount of the energetic test sample is placed. This work describes a heat transfer model of the filament and sample, a model of the current's control circuit, and global decomposition and heat release mechanisms of cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX), which is an energetic ingredient used in propellants and explosives. Comparisons of model calculations with experimental data reveal an excellent agreement. Similarly, the predicted time to rapid heat release for the highly energetic RDX sample also shows a good agreement with experimental results. Thus the use of the developed model in conjunction with experiments should be a useful tool in studying the thermal decomposition behavior of energetic materials under combustion-like conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)933-939
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Propulsion and Power
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Fingerprint

infrared spectroscopy
Infrared spectroscopy
energetics
Heating rate
RDX
kinetics
Kinetics
heating
thermal decomposition
modeling
filaments
Pyrolysis
experiment
Experiments
resistance heating
pyrotechnics
explosive
Decomposition
solid propellants
decomposition

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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abstract = "During the combustion of solid propellants, explosives, or pyrotechnics, the condensed phase experiences heating rates that may exceed 20,000 K/s. At such high heating rates, the thermal decomposition behavior of the energetic material could be affected by its rate of decomposition. To simulate the high heating rate environment, the T-jump experiment was developed for use with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The T-jump experiment utilizes electrical resistance heating of a thin Pt filament on which a small amount of the energetic test sample is placed. This work describes a heat transfer model of the filament and sample, a model of the current's control circuit, and global decomposition and heat release mechanisms of cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX), which is an energetic ingredient used in propellants and explosives. Comparisons of model calculations with experimental data reveal an excellent agreement. Similarly, the predicted time to rapid heat release for the highly energetic RDX sample also shows a good agreement with experimental results. Thus the use of the developed model in conjunction with experiments should be a useful tool in studying the thermal decomposition behavior of energetic materials under combustion-like conditions.",
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Condensed-phase kinetics of cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine by modeling the T-jump/infrared spectroscopy experiment. / Thynell, Stefan T.; Gongwer, Polly E.; Brill, Thomas B.

In: Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 12, No. 5, 01.01.1996, p. 933-939.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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