Condensed-phase species distributions about Al particles reacting in various oxidizers

P. Bucher, Richard A. Yetter, F. L. Dryer, E. P. Vicenzi, T. P. Parr, D. M. Hanson-Parr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Experimental results on the combustion of single, isolated aluminum particles, laser ignited in quiescent environments consisting of pure N2O, CO2, CO and in mixtures of 21% O2/79% N2 and 21%O2 / 79% Ar are reported. Combustion measurements consisted of photographic observations and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) of the condensed-phase product composition and radial distribution. Aluminum particles in O2, CO2, and N2O atmospheres were found to burn with envelope flames. Of these oxidizers, the largest flame envelope, as determined by the condensed-product distribution, occurred for Al combustion in the O2/Ar mixture, followed by Al combustion in the O2/N2 mixture, the CO2 atmosphere, and the N2O atmosphere. Combustion in the CO atmosphere appeared to occur on (near) the particle surface with only a weak envelope reaction. Consistent with previous results in the literature, Al particle disruption was not observed in O2/Ar environments, but was observed in O2/N2 environments. Although speculated in the literature, the present work confirms the existence of aluminum nitrides (oxy-nitrides) in the fuel-rich region near the particle surface for nitrogen-containing oxidizers (i.e., O2/N2 and N2O). Equilibrium calculations indicate that near the surface, solid-phase AlN may exist to temperatures well above the melting temperature of aluminum oxide. Thus, its presence may affect the fragmentation process. Finally, condensed-phase carbon (possibly in the form of aluminum carbide) was found throughout the surrounding gas-phase for CO combustion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-361
Number of pages11
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume117
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1999

Fingerprint

oxidizers
Carbon Monoxide
Aluminum
atmospheres
envelopes
flames
aluminum carbides
aluminum
Aluminum nitride
Aluminum Oxide
aluminum nitrides
Electron probe microanalysis
electron probes
products
microanalysis
radial distribution
Nitrides
nitrides
Carbides
Melting point

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Bucher, P. ; Yetter, Richard A. ; Dryer, F. L. ; Vicenzi, E. P. ; Parr, T. P. ; Hanson-Parr, D. M. / Condensed-phase species distributions about Al particles reacting in various oxidizers. In: Combustion and Flame. 1999 ; Vol. 117, No. 1-2. pp. 351-361.
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abstract = "Experimental results on the combustion of single, isolated aluminum particles, laser ignited in quiescent environments consisting of pure N2O, CO2, CO and in mixtures of 21{\%} O2/79{\%} N2 and 21{\%}O2 / 79{\%} Ar are reported. Combustion measurements consisted of photographic observations and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) of the condensed-phase product composition and radial distribution. Aluminum particles in O2, CO2, and N2O atmospheres were found to burn with envelope flames. Of these oxidizers, the largest flame envelope, as determined by the condensed-product distribution, occurred for Al combustion in the O2/Ar mixture, followed by Al combustion in the O2/N2 mixture, the CO2 atmosphere, and the N2O atmosphere. Combustion in the CO atmosphere appeared to occur on (near) the particle surface with only a weak envelope reaction. Consistent with previous results in the literature, Al particle disruption was not observed in O2/Ar environments, but was observed in O2/N2 environments. Although speculated in the literature, the present work confirms the existence of aluminum nitrides (oxy-nitrides) in the fuel-rich region near the particle surface for nitrogen-containing oxidizers (i.e., O2/N2 and N2O). Equilibrium calculations indicate that near the surface, solid-phase AlN may exist to temperatures well above the melting temperature of aluminum oxide. Thus, its presence may affect the fragmentation process. Finally, condensed-phase carbon (possibly in the form of aluminum carbide) was found throughout the surrounding gas-phase for CO combustion.",
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Condensed-phase species distributions about Al particles reacting in various oxidizers. / Bucher, P.; Yetter, Richard A.; Dryer, F. L.; Vicenzi, E. P.; Parr, T. P.; Hanson-Parr, D. M.

In: Combustion and Flame, Vol. 117, No. 1-2, 01.04.1999, p. 351-361.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Condensed-phase species distributions about Al particles reacting in various oxidizers

AU - Bucher, P.

AU - Yetter, Richard A.

AU - Dryer, F. L.

AU - Vicenzi, E. P.

AU - Parr, T. P.

AU - Hanson-Parr, D. M.

PY - 1999/4/1

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N2 - Experimental results on the combustion of single, isolated aluminum particles, laser ignited in quiescent environments consisting of pure N2O, CO2, CO and in mixtures of 21% O2/79% N2 and 21%O2 / 79% Ar are reported. Combustion measurements consisted of photographic observations and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) of the condensed-phase product composition and radial distribution. Aluminum particles in O2, CO2, and N2O atmospheres were found to burn with envelope flames. Of these oxidizers, the largest flame envelope, as determined by the condensed-product distribution, occurred for Al combustion in the O2/Ar mixture, followed by Al combustion in the O2/N2 mixture, the CO2 atmosphere, and the N2O atmosphere. Combustion in the CO atmosphere appeared to occur on (near) the particle surface with only a weak envelope reaction. Consistent with previous results in the literature, Al particle disruption was not observed in O2/Ar environments, but was observed in O2/N2 environments. Although speculated in the literature, the present work confirms the existence of aluminum nitrides (oxy-nitrides) in the fuel-rich region near the particle surface for nitrogen-containing oxidizers (i.e., O2/N2 and N2O). Equilibrium calculations indicate that near the surface, solid-phase AlN may exist to temperatures well above the melting temperature of aluminum oxide. Thus, its presence may affect the fragmentation process. Finally, condensed-phase carbon (possibly in the form of aluminum carbide) was found throughout the surrounding gas-phase for CO combustion.

AB - Experimental results on the combustion of single, isolated aluminum particles, laser ignited in quiescent environments consisting of pure N2O, CO2, CO and in mixtures of 21% O2/79% N2 and 21%O2 / 79% Ar are reported. Combustion measurements consisted of photographic observations and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) of the condensed-phase product composition and radial distribution. Aluminum particles in O2, CO2, and N2O atmospheres were found to burn with envelope flames. Of these oxidizers, the largest flame envelope, as determined by the condensed-product distribution, occurred for Al combustion in the O2/Ar mixture, followed by Al combustion in the O2/N2 mixture, the CO2 atmosphere, and the N2O atmosphere. Combustion in the CO atmosphere appeared to occur on (near) the particle surface with only a weak envelope reaction. Consistent with previous results in the literature, Al particle disruption was not observed in O2/Ar environments, but was observed in O2/N2 environments. Although speculated in the literature, the present work confirms the existence of aluminum nitrides (oxy-nitrides) in the fuel-rich region near the particle surface for nitrogen-containing oxidizers (i.e., O2/N2 and N2O). Equilibrium calculations indicate that near the surface, solid-phase AlN may exist to temperatures well above the melting temperature of aluminum oxide. Thus, its presence may affect the fragmentation process. Finally, condensed-phase carbon (possibly in the form of aluminum carbide) was found throughout the surrounding gas-phase for CO combustion.

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