In this study, we numerically examine the buoyancy-driven, axisymmetric motion of drops through vertical cylindrical capillaries. Combinations of Newtonian and viscoelastic drop and suspending fluid phases are considered. The effects of confinement, material properties, and rheological properties of the two phases on drop mobility and deformation are examined. Four dimensionless parameters (Reynolds number, capillary number, Deborah number, and the drop-to-tube size ratio) play critical roles in determining the drop motion. In general, a Newtonian drop immersed in a viscoelastic fluid experiences an extending trailing edge, while a viscoelastic drop in a Newtonian fluid develops an indentation around the rear stagnation point. Under certain conditions, a cusped drop appears due to fluid viscoelasticity that triggers shape instability.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mechanics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes