Cryptochromes are widely distributed blue light photoreceptors involved in numerous signaling functions in plants and animals. Both plant and animal-type cryptochromes are found to bind ATP and display intrinsic autokinase activity; however the functional significance of this activity remains a matter of speculation. Here we show in purified preparations of Arabidopsis cry1 that ATP binding induces conformational change independently of light and increases the amount and stability of light-induced flavin radical formation. Nucleotide binding may thereby provide a mechanism whereby light responsivity in organisms can be regulated through modulation of cryptochrome photoreceptor conformation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology