Confronting the state, the corporation, and the academy: The influence of institutional targets on social movement repertoires

Edward T. Walker, Andrew W. Martin, John D. McCarthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

149 Scopus citations

Abstract

Analysts have shown increased interest in how social movements use tactical repertoires strategically. While the state is most often the guarantor of new benefits, many movements - from labor to the environmental movement - target corporate, educational, and other institutions. Employing a unique data set of protests reported in the New York Times (1960-90), this research examines how repertoires are, in part, contingent on the institutional target a movement selects. In particular, the authors consider the role of each target's vulnerabilities and its capacities for response - repression, facilitation, and routinization - as explanations for the degree of transgressive protest each target faces. The results provide strong evidence for considering targets as a central factor in shaping forms of social protest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-76
Number of pages42
JournalAmerican Journal of Sociology
Volume114
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science

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