Conjugate heat transfer analysis of the effects of impingement channel height for a turbine blade endwall

Amy Mensch, Karen Ann Thole

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    20 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Advancements in cooling for applications such as gas turbines components require improved understanding of the complex heat transfer mechanisms and the interactions between those mechanisms. Critical cooling applications often rely on multiple thermal protection techniques, including internal cooling and external film cooling in gas turbine airfoils, to efficiently cool components and limit the use of coolant. Most research to quantify the effectiveness of such cooling technologies for gas turbine applications has isolated internal and external cooling in separate experiments. The research presented in this paper uses a conjugate heat transfer approach to account for the combined effects of both internal and external cooling. The geometry used for this study is a turbine blade endwall that includes impingement and film cooling as well as the relevant conduction through the endwall. Appropriate geometric and flow parameters were scaled to ensure engine relevant dimensionless temperatures were obtained. Using the conjugate heat transfer approach, the effect of varying the height of the impingement channel was examined using spatially resolved external wall temperatures obtained from both experiments and simulations. A one-dimensional heat transfer analysis was used to derive the average internal heat transfer coefficients from the experimental results. Both experiments and simulations showed good agreement between area averaged cooling effectiveness and impingement heat transfer coefficients. The cooling effectiveness and heat transfer coefficients peaked for an impingement channel height of around three impingement hole diameters. However, the heat transfer coefficients were more sensitive than the overall effectiveness to the changes in height of the impingement channel.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)66-77
    Number of pages12
    JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
    Volume82
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

    Fingerprint

    turbine blades
    impingement
    Turbomachine blades
    Turbines
    heat transfer
    Heat transfer
    Cooling
    cooling
    heat transfer coefficients
    Heat transfer coefficients
    gas turbines
    film cooling
    Gas turbines
    thermal protection
    Turbine components
    airfoils
    wall temperature
    coolants
    Experiments
    Airfoils

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Advancements in cooling for applications such as gas turbines components require improved understanding of the complex heat transfer mechanisms and the interactions between those mechanisms. Critical cooling applications often rely on multiple thermal protection techniques, including internal cooling and external film cooling in gas turbine airfoils, to efficiently cool components and limit the use of coolant. Most research to quantify the effectiveness of such cooling technologies for gas turbine applications has isolated internal and external cooling in separate experiments. The research presented in this paper uses a conjugate heat transfer approach to account for the combined effects of both internal and external cooling. The geometry used for this study is a turbine blade endwall that includes impingement and film cooling as well as the relevant conduction through the endwall. Appropriate geometric and flow parameters were scaled to ensure engine relevant dimensionless temperatures were obtained. Using the conjugate heat transfer approach, the effect of varying the height of the impingement channel was examined using spatially resolved external wall temperatures obtained from both experiments and simulations. A one-dimensional heat transfer analysis was used to derive the average internal heat transfer coefficients from the experimental results. Both experiments and simulations showed good agreement between area averaged cooling effectiveness and impingement heat transfer coefficients. The cooling effectiveness and heat transfer coefficients peaked for an impingement channel height of around three impingement hole diameters. However, the heat transfer coefficients were more sensitive than the overall effectiveness to the changes in height of the impingement channel.",
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    AB - Advancements in cooling for applications such as gas turbines components require improved understanding of the complex heat transfer mechanisms and the interactions between those mechanisms. Critical cooling applications often rely on multiple thermal protection techniques, including internal cooling and external film cooling in gas turbine airfoils, to efficiently cool components and limit the use of coolant. Most research to quantify the effectiveness of such cooling technologies for gas turbine applications has isolated internal and external cooling in separate experiments. The research presented in this paper uses a conjugate heat transfer approach to account for the combined effects of both internal and external cooling. The geometry used for this study is a turbine blade endwall that includes impingement and film cooling as well as the relevant conduction through the endwall. Appropriate geometric and flow parameters were scaled to ensure engine relevant dimensionless temperatures were obtained. Using the conjugate heat transfer approach, the effect of varying the height of the impingement channel was examined using spatially resolved external wall temperatures obtained from both experiments and simulations. A one-dimensional heat transfer analysis was used to derive the average internal heat transfer coefficients from the experimental results. Both experiments and simulations showed good agreement between area averaged cooling effectiveness and impingement heat transfer coefficients. The cooling effectiveness and heat transfer coefficients peaked for an impingement channel height of around three impingement hole diameters. However, the heat transfer coefficients were more sensitive than the overall effectiveness to the changes in height of the impingement channel.

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