Conjugation of PPV functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles with graphene oxide for facile and sensitive fluorescence detection of TNT in water through FRET

Haixia Zhang, Lijuan Feng, Bingxin Liu, Cuiyan Tong, Changli Lü

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations


This paper reported a convenient method to prepare water-soluble graphene oxide (GO) functionalized by amine-modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) containing poly(p-phenylenevinylene) via covalent bonds. The resulted GO-PPV@MSN hybrid materials had a good dispersion and strong green fluorescence in aqueous solution. The structure, morphology and optical properties of the resulting hybrid materials were characterized. The GO-PPV@MSN can be used as a novel and effective fluorescent sensing platform for detection of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in aqueous solution by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). Upon the addition of TNT, the amino groups on the surface of PPV@MSN can bind TNT molecules from solution by forming Meisenheimer complex, and this complex can absorb the green part of visible light, and strongly suppress the fluorescence emission of GO-PPV@MSN through FRET. The observed linear fluorescence intensity change allowed the quantitative detection of TNT with a detection limit down to 1.3 × 10-7 M.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-129
Number of pages8
JournalDyes and Pigments
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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