Conservation and management of wetlands and aquatic landscapes

The vital role of connectivity

Robert P. Brooks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The aquatic landscapes of the Mid-Atlantic Region (MAR) provide important ecosystem services, including ecological functions and societal values, such as floodwater storage, public water supplies, recreational greenbelts, and habitats for a diversity of flora and fauna. The connectivity of aquatic habitats is critically important for protecting regional biodiversity. Impacts may be localized in nature, but as the aquatic and terrestrial portions of a watershed are altered, the viability of these connections, through riparian corridors and proximal patches of natural vegetation, can be negatively affected. Although natural processes can retard succession (e.g., severe floods, fire, disease and insect epidemics), in the northeastern USA natural disturbances typically create a quilt-like mosaic of recovering habitat patches comprised primarily of natural vegetation. In contrast, human - induced land use changes are more likely to result in larger and more permanent alterations over time, with a resultant loss of habitat. Maintaining connectivity among wetland, riparian, and stream habitats by protecting or restoring corridors among these habitats has proven to be a viable approach to conservation. The connectivity requirements for a range of taxa are reviewed, as are planning tools and programs for conserving and restoring connectivity among aquatic habitats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages463-477
Number of pages15
Volume9781461455967
ISBN (Electronic)9781461455967
ISBN (Print)1461455952, 9781461455950
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

Fingerprint

Wetlands
Ecosystem
connectivity
wetlands
wetland
aquatic habitat
habitat
habitats
Mid-Atlantic region
public water supply
vegetation
ecological function
riparian areas
habitat destruction
land use change
ecosystem services
Mid-Atlantic Region
greenbelt
planning
flora

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Brooks, R. P. (2013). Conservation and management of wetlands and aquatic landscapes: The vital role of connectivity. In Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice (Vol. 9781461455967, pp. 463-477). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5596-7_14
Brooks, Robert P. / Conservation and management of wetlands and aquatic landscapes : The vital role of connectivity. Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice. Vol. 9781461455967 Springer New York, 2013. pp. 463-477
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Brooks, RP 2013, Conservation and management of wetlands and aquatic landscapes: The vital role of connectivity. in Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice. vol. 9781461455967, Springer New York, pp. 463-477. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5596-7_14

Conservation and management of wetlands and aquatic landscapes : The vital role of connectivity. / Brooks, Robert P.

Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice. Vol. 9781461455967 Springer New York, 2013. p. 463-477.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Brooks RP. Conservation and management of wetlands and aquatic landscapes: The vital role of connectivity. In Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice. Vol. 9781461455967. Springer New York. 2013. p. 463-477 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5596-7_14