### Abstract

The dynamics of physical theories is usually described by differential equations. Difference equations then appear mainly as an approximation which can be used for a numerical analysis. As such, they have to fulfil certain conditions to ensure that the numerical solutions can reliably be used as approximations to solutions of the differential equation. There are, however, also systems where a difference equation is deemed to be fundamental, mainly in the context of quantum gravity. Since difference equations in general are harder to solve analytically than differential equations, it can be helpful to introduce an approximating differential equation as a continuum approximation. In this paper implications of this change in viewpoint are analysed to derive the conditions that the difference equation should satisfy. The difference equation in such a situation cannot be chosen freely but must be derived from a fundamental theory. Thus, the conditions for a discrete formulation can be translated into conditions for acceptable quantizations. In the main example, loop quantum cosmology, we show that the conditions are restrictive and serve as a selection criterion among possible quantization choices.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 121-143 |

Number of pages | 23 |

Journal | Classical and Quantum Gravity |

Volume | 21 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jan 7 2004 |

### Fingerprint

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Physics and Astronomy(all)

### Cite this

*Classical and Quantum Gravity*,

*21*(1), 121-143. https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/21/1/009

}

*Classical and Quantum Gravity*, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 121-143. https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/21/1/009

**Consistency conditions for fundamentally discrete theories.** / Bojowald, Martin; Date, Ghanashyam.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Consistency conditions for fundamentally discrete theories

AU - Bojowald, Martin

AU - Date, Ghanashyam

PY - 2004/1/7

Y1 - 2004/1/7

N2 - The dynamics of physical theories is usually described by differential equations. Difference equations then appear mainly as an approximation which can be used for a numerical analysis. As such, they have to fulfil certain conditions to ensure that the numerical solutions can reliably be used as approximations to solutions of the differential equation. There are, however, also systems where a difference equation is deemed to be fundamental, mainly in the context of quantum gravity. Since difference equations in general are harder to solve analytically than differential equations, it can be helpful to introduce an approximating differential equation as a continuum approximation. In this paper implications of this change in viewpoint are analysed to derive the conditions that the difference equation should satisfy. The difference equation in such a situation cannot be chosen freely but must be derived from a fundamental theory. Thus, the conditions for a discrete formulation can be translated into conditions for acceptable quantizations. In the main example, loop quantum cosmology, we show that the conditions are restrictive and serve as a selection criterion among possible quantization choices.

AB - The dynamics of physical theories is usually described by differential equations. Difference equations then appear mainly as an approximation which can be used for a numerical analysis. As such, they have to fulfil certain conditions to ensure that the numerical solutions can reliably be used as approximations to solutions of the differential equation. There are, however, also systems where a difference equation is deemed to be fundamental, mainly in the context of quantum gravity. Since difference equations in general are harder to solve analytically than differential equations, it can be helpful to introduce an approximating differential equation as a continuum approximation. In this paper implications of this change in viewpoint are analysed to derive the conditions that the difference equation should satisfy. The difference equation in such a situation cannot be chosen freely but must be derived from a fundamental theory. Thus, the conditions for a discrete formulation can be translated into conditions for acceptable quantizations. In the main example, loop quantum cosmology, we show that the conditions are restrictive and serve as a selection criterion among possible quantization choices.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0346040330&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0346040330&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/0264-9381/21/1/009

DO - 10.1088/0264-9381/21/1/009

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0346040330

VL - 21

SP - 121

EP - 143

JO - Classical and Quantum Gravity

JF - Classical and Quantum Gravity

SN - 0264-9381

IS - 1

ER -