The time-dependent shear stress and first normal stress difference were measured for a polystyrene solution for start-up and cessation-flow experiments over a relatively wide range of shear rate. Consistency tests for the K-BKZ model were applied to the data, and it was concluded that the K-BKZ equation generally does not satisfactorily describe the start-up and cessation data. Modified consistency tests were developed using a strain-coupling constitutive equation, and the evidence suggests that most of the differences between the predictions of the K-BKZ theory and experiment can be explained by including a strain-coupling effect in the rheological constitutive equation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics