Constitutive modeling of the dynamic fracture of smooth tensile bars

J. A. Nemes, J. Eftis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


A recently developed viscoplastic-damage type of constitutive theory for high strain-rate flow processes and ductile fracture is used to model the deformation and fracture of dynamically loaded smooth cylindrical tensile bars. The analysis assumes polycrystalline materials which usually contain microvoids with an average density of the order of 106 per cm3 that are dispersed homogeneously throughout. It is shown that for dynamically imposed loading that produce nominal strain rates ranging between 5 × 102 - 5 × 103 sec -1, the inhomogeneous fields of stress and deformation caused by wave propagation and wave reflection induce necking at different locations along the gauge section, depending upon the strain-rate imposed. This occurs without imposition of any geometrical or material irregularity to preposition the location of the necking. The imposed rate of strain is also shown to affect the magnitude of the strain at which necking initiates, as well as the strain required for fracture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-270
Number of pages28
JournalInternational journal of plasticity
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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