Constitutive overexpression of phosphomimetic phospholemman S68E mutant results in arrhythmias, early mortality, and heart failure

Potential involvement of Na +/Ca 2+ exchanger

Jianliang Song, Erhe Gao, Jufang Wang, Xue Qian Zhang, Tung O. Chan, Walter J. Koch, Xiying Shang, Jeffrey I. Joseph, Blaise Peterson, Arthur M. Feldman, Joseph Y. Cheung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Expression and activity of cardiac Na +/Ca 2+ exchanger (NCX1) are altered in many disease states. We engineered mice in which the phosphomimetic phospholemman S68E mutant (inhibits NCX1 but not Na +-K +-ATPase) was consti-tutively overexpressed in a cardiac-specific manner (conS68E). At 4-6 wk, conS68E mice exhibited severe bradycardia, ventricular arrhythmias, increased left ventricular (LV) mass, decreased cardiac output (CO), and ~50% mortality compared with wild-type (WT) littermates. Protein levels of NCX1, calsequestrin, ryanodine receptor, and ct1- and ct2-infunits of Na +-K +-ATPase were similar, but sarco-(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca 2+-ATPase was lower, whereas L-type Ca 2+ channels were higher in conS68E hearts. Resting membrane potential and action potential amplitude were similar, but action potential duration was dramatically prolonged in conS68E myocytes. Diastolic intracellular Ca 2+ ([Ca 2+] i) was higher, [Ca 2+] i transient and maximal contraction amplitudes were lower, and half-time of [Ca 2+] i transient decline was longer in conS68E myocytes. Intracellular Na + reached maximum within 3 min after isoproterenol addition, followed by decline in WT but not in conS68E myocytes. Na +/Ca 2+ exchange, L-type Ca 2+, Na +-K +-ATPase, and depolarization-activated K + currents were decreased in conS68E myocytes. At 22 wk, bradycardia and increased LV mass persisted in conS68E survivors. Despite comparable baseline CO, conS68E survivors at 22 wk exhibited decreased chronotropic, inotropic, and lusitropic responses to isoproterenol. We conclude that constitutive overexpression of S68E mutant was detrimental, both in terms of depressed cardiac function and increased arrhythmogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume302
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

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Sodium-Calcium Exchanger
Muscle Cells
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Heart Failure
Mortality
Bradycardia
Isoproterenol
Cardiac Output
Action Potentials
Survivors
Calsequestrin
Reticulum
Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel
Membrane Potentials
Adenosine Triphosphatases
phospholemman
sodium-translocating ATPase

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Song, Jianliang ; Gao, Erhe ; Wang, Jufang ; Zhang, Xue Qian ; Chan, Tung O. ; Koch, Walter J. ; Shang, Xiying ; Joseph, Jeffrey I. ; Peterson, Blaise ; Feldman, Arthur M. ; Cheung, Joseph Y. / Constitutive overexpression of phosphomimetic phospholemman S68E mutant results in arrhythmias, early mortality, and heart failure : Potential involvement of Na +/Ca 2+ exchanger. In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology. 2012 ; Vol. 302, No. 3.
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abstract = "Expression and activity of cardiac Na +/Ca 2+ exchanger (NCX1) are altered in many disease states. We engineered mice in which the phosphomimetic phospholemman S68E mutant (inhibits NCX1 but not Na +-K +-ATPase) was consti-tutively overexpressed in a cardiac-specific manner (conS68E). At 4-6 wk, conS68E mice exhibited severe bradycardia, ventricular arrhythmias, increased left ventricular (LV) mass, decreased cardiac output (CO), and ~50{\%} mortality compared with wild-type (WT) littermates. Protein levels of NCX1, calsequestrin, ryanodine receptor, and ct1- and ct2-infunits of Na +-K +-ATPase were similar, but sarco-(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca 2+-ATPase was lower, whereas L-type Ca 2+ channels were higher in conS68E hearts. Resting membrane potential and action potential amplitude were similar, but action potential duration was dramatically prolonged in conS68E myocytes. Diastolic intracellular Ca 2+ ([Ca 2+] i) was higher, [Ca 2+] i transient and maximal contraction amplitudes were lower, and half-time of [Ca 2+] i transient decline was longer in conS68E myocytes. Intracellular Na + reached maximum within 3 min after isoproterenol addition, followed by decline in WT but not in conS68E myocytes. Na +/Ca 2+ exchange, L-type Ca 2+, Na +-K +-ATPase, and depolarization-activated K + currents were decreased in conS68E myocytes. At 22 wk, bradycardia and increased LV mass persisted in conS68E survivors. Despite comparable baseline CO, conS68E survivors at 22 wk exhibited decreased chronotropic, inotropic, and lusitropic responses to isoproterenol. We conclude that constitutive overexpression of S68E mutant was detrimental, both in terms of depressed cardiac function and increased arrhythmogenesis.",
author = "Jianliang Song and Erhe Gao and Jufang Wang and Zhang, {Xue Qian} and Chan, {Tung O.} and Koch, {Walter J.} and Xiying Shang and Joseph, {Jeffrey I.} and Blaise Peterson and Feldman, {Arthur M.} and Cheung, {Joseph Y.}",
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Constitutive overexpression of phosphomimetic phospholemman S68E mutant results in arrhythmias, early mortality, and heart failure : Potential involvement of Na +/Ca 2+ exchanger. / Song, Jianliang; Gao, Erhe; Wang, Jufang; Zhang, Xue Qian; Chan, Tung O.; Koch, Walter J.; Shang, Xiying; Joseph, Jeffrey I.; Peterson, Blaise; Feldman, Arthur M.; Cheung, Joseph Y.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 302, No. 3, 01.02.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Constitutive overexpression of phosphomimetic phospholemman S68E mutant results in arrhythmias, early mortality, and heart failure

T2 - Potential involvement of Na +/Ca 2+ exchanger

AU - Song, Jianliang

AU - Gao, Erhe

AU - Wang, Jufang

AU - Zhang, Xue Qian

AU - Chan, Tung O.

AU - Koch, Walter J.

AU - Shang, Xiying

AU - Joseph, Jeffrey I.

AU - Peterson, Blaise

AU - Feldman, Arthur M.

AU - Cheung, Joseph Y.

PY - 2012/2/1

Y1 - 2012/2/1

N2 - Expression and activity of cardiac Na +/Ca 2+ exchanger (NCX1) are altered in many disease states. We engineered mice in which the phosphomimetic phospholemman S68E mutant (inhibits NCX1 but not Na +-K +-ATPase) was consti-tutively overexpressed in a cardiac-specific manner (conS68E). At 4-6 wk, conS68E mice exhibited severe bradycardia, ventricular arrhythmias, increased left ventricular (LV) mass, decreased cardiac output (CO), and ~50% mortality compared with wild-type (WT) littermates. Protein levels of NCX1, calsequestrin, ryanodine receptor, and ct1- and ct2-infunits of Na +-K +-ATPase were similar, but sarco-(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca 2+-ATPase was lower, whereas L-type Ca 2+ channels were higher in conS68E hearts. Resting membrane potential and action potential amplitude were similar, but action potential duration was dramatically prolonged in conS68E myocytes. Diastolic intracellular Ca 2+ ([Ca 2+] i) was higher, [Ca 2+] i transient and maximal contraction amplitudes were lower, and half-time of [Ca 2+] i transient decline was longer in conS68E myocytes. Intracellular Na + reached maximum within 3 min after isoproterenol addition, followed by decline in WT but not in conS68E myocytes. Na +/Ca 2+ exchange, L-type Ca 2+, Na +-K +-ATPase, and depolarization-activated K + currents were decreased in conS68E myocytes. At 22 wk, bradycardia and increased LV mass persisted in conS68E survivors. Despite comparable baseline CO, conS68E survivors at 22 wk exhibited decreased chronotropic, inotropic, and lusitropic responses to isoproterenol. We conclude that constitutive overexpression of S68E mutant was detrimental, both in terms of depressed cardiac function and increased arrhythmogenesis.

AB - Expression and activity of cardiac Na +/Ca 2+ exchanger (NCX1) are altered in many disease states. We engineered mice in which the phosphomimetic phospholemman S68E mutant (inhibits NCX1 but not Na +-K +-ATPase) was consti-tutively overexpressed in a cardiac-specific manner (conS68E). At 4-6 wk, conS68E mice exhibited severe bradycardia, ventricular arrhythmias, increased left ventricular (LV) mass, decreased cardiac output (CO), and ~50% mortality compared with wild-type (WT) littermates. Protein levels of NCX1, calsequestrin, ryanodine receptor, and ct1- and ct2-infunits of Na +-K +-ATPase were similar, but sarco-(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca 2+-ATPase was lower, whereas L-type Ca 2+ channels were higher in conS68E hearts. Resting membrane potential and action potential amplitude were similar, but action potential duration was dramatically prolonged in conS68E myocytes. Diastolic intracellular Ca 2+ ([Ca 2+] i) was higher, [Ca 2+] i transient and maximal contraction amplitudes were lower, and half-time of [Ca 2+] i transient decline was longer in conS68E myocytes. Intracellular Na + reached maximum within 3 min after isoproterenol addition, followed by decline in WT but not in conS68E myocytes. Na +/Ca 2+ exchange, L-type Ca 2+, Na +-K +-ATPase, and depolarization-activated K + currents were decreased in conS68E myocytes. At 22 wk, bradycardia and increased LV mass persisted in conS68E survivors. Despite comparable baseline CO, conS68E survivors at 22 wk exhibited decreased chronotropic, inotropic, and lusitropic responses to isoproterenol. We conclude that constitutive overexpression of S68E mutant was detrimental, both in terms of depressed cardiac function and increased arrhythmogenesis.

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