The diffuse neutrino flux measured in IceCube is comparable with the ultrahigh-energy cosmic-ray (UHECR) flux, which has led to the concept of a unified origin of high-energy neutrino and UHECR backgrounds. We construct a generic unification model of sources to explain UHECR data at 1019 eV, and high-energy neutrinos with energies that exceed ∼100 TeV in the framework of photo-meson production processes, and provide general constraints on the source properties. A source environment with moderately efficient in situ production of 100 TeV neutrinos with an optical depth of 0.1τpγ0.6 must be realized to accelerate cosmic rays to ultrahigh energies. The measured fluxes of cosmic rays and neutrinos set a bound on the source luminosity and its rate density. Although the results are rather general and applicable to unknown source population, among the proposed source candidates, low-luminosity gamma-ray bursts and tidal disruption events could satisfy the requirements if the Lorentz bulk factor of plasma outflow and the equipartition parameters for cosmic rays and magnetic field are appropriately selected.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)