Constraint on neutrino masses from SDSS-III/BOSS Lyα forest and other cosmological probes

Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Christophe Yèche, Julien Lesgourgues, Graziano Rossi, Arnaud Borde, Matteo Viel, Eric Aubourg, David Kirkby, Jean Marc Legoff, James Rich, Natalie Roe, Nicholas P. Ross, Donald P. Schneider, David Weinberg

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Abstract

We present constraints on the parameters of the ΛCDM cosmological model in the presence of massive neutrinos, using the one-dimensional Lyα forest power spectrum obtained with the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) by Palanque-Delabrouille et al. [1], complemented by additional cosmological probes. The interpretation of the measured Lyα spectrum is done using a second-order Taylor expansion of the simulated power spectrum. BOSS Lyα data alone provide better bounds than previous Lyα results, but are still poorly constraining, especially for the sum of neutrino masses ∑ mν, for which we obtain an upper bound of 1.1 eV (95% CL), including systematics for both data and simulations. Lyα constraints on ΛCDM parameters and neutrino masses are compatible with CMB bounds from the {\rm Planck} collaboration [2]. Interestingly, the combination of Lyα with CMB data reduces the uncertainties significantly, due to very different directions of degeneracy in parameter space, leading to the strongest cosmological bound to date on the total neutrino mass, ∑ mν < 0.15 eV at 95% CL (with a best-fit in zero). Adding recent BAO results further tightens this constraint to ∑ mν < 0.14 eV at 95% CL. This bound is nearly independent of the statistical approach used, and of the different combinations of CMB and BAO data sets considered in this paper in addition to Lyα. Given the measured values of the two squared mass differences Δ m2, this result tends to favor the normal hierarchy scenario against the inverted hierarchy scenario for the masses of the active neutrino species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number045
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Volume2015
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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