Constraints on Galactic Neutrino Emission with Seven Years of IceCube Data

M. G. Aartsen, M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, M. Ahrens, I. Al Samarai, D. Altmann, K. Andeen, Tyler Brooks Anderson, I. Ansseau, G. Anton, C. Argüelles, J. Auffenberg, S. Axani, H. Bagherpour, X. Bai, J. P. Barron, S. W. Barwick, V. Baum & 291 others R. Bay, J. J. Beatty, J. Becker Tjus, K. H. Becker, S. Benzvi, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, D. Z. Besson, G. Binder, D. Bindig, E. Blaufuss, S. Blot, C. Bohm, M. Börner, F. Bos, D. Bose, S. Böser, O. Botner, J. Bourbeau, F. Bradascio, J. Braun, L. Brayeur, M. Brenzke, H. P. Bretz, S. Bron, A. Burgman, T. Carver, J. Casey, M. Casier, E. Cheung, D. Chirkin, A. Christov, K. Clark, L. Classen, S. Coenders, G. H. Collin, J. M. Conrad, Douglas Cowen, R. Cross, M. Day, J. P.A.M.D. André, C. De Clercq, J. J. Delaunay, H. Dembinski, S. De Ridder, P. Desiati, K. D.De Vries, G. De Wasseige, M. De With, T. Deyoung, J. C. Daz-Vélez, V. Di Lorenzo, H. Dujmovic, J. P. Dumm, M. Dunkman, B. Eberhardt, T. Ehrhardt, B. Eichmann, P. Eller, P. A. Evenson, S. Fahey, A. R. Fazely, J. Felde, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, S. Flis, A. Franckowiak, E. Friedman, T. Fuchs, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, L. Gerhardt, K. Ghorbani, W. Giang, T. Glauch, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, J. G. Gonzalez, D. Grant, Z. Griffith, C. Haack, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Hanson, D. Hebecker, D. Heereman, K. Helbing, R. Hellauer, S. Hickford, J. Hignight, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, R. Hoffmann, B. Hokanson-Fasig, K. Hoshina, F. Huang, M. Huber, K. Hultqvist, S. In, A. Ishihara, E. Jacobi, G. S. Japaridze, M. Jeong, K. Jero, B. J.P. Jones, P. Kalacynski, W. Kang, A. Kappes, T. Karg, A. Karle, U. Katz, M. Kauer, A. Keivani, J. L. Kelley, A. Kheirandish, J. Kim, M. Kim, T. Kintscher, J. Kiryluk, T. Kittler, S. R. Klein, G. Kohnen, R. Koirala, H. Kolanoski, L. Köpke, C. Kopper, S. Kopper, J. P. Koschinsky, D. J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, K. Krings, M. Kroll, G. Krückl, J. Kunnen, S. Kunwar, N. Kurahashi, T. Kuwabara, A. Kyriacou, M. Labare, J. L. Lanfranchi, M. J. Larson, F. Lauber, D. Lennarz, M. Lesiak-Bzdak, M. Leuermann, Q. R. Liu, L. Lu, J. Lünemann, W. Luszczak, J. Madsen, G. Maggi, K. B.M. Mahn, S. Mancina, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, R. Maunu, F. McNally, K. Meagher, M. Medici, M. Meier, T. Menne, G. Merino, T. Meures, S. Miarecki, J. Micallef, G. Momenté, T. Montaruli, R. W. Moore, M. Moulai, R. Nahnhauer, P. Nakarmi, U. Naumann, G. Neer, H. Niederhausen, S. C. Nowicki, D. R. Nygren, A. Obertacke Pollmann, A. Olivas, A. O'Murchadha, T. Palczewski, H. Pandya, D. V. Pankova, P. Peiffer, J. A. Pepper, C. Pérez De Los Heros, D. Pieloth, E. Pinat, M. Plum, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, C. Raab, L. Radel, M. Rameez, K. Rawlins, R. Reimann, B. Relethford, M. Relich, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Richman, S. Robertson, M. Rongen, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, D. Ryckbosch, D. Rysewyk, T. Salzer, S. E.Sanchez Herrera, A. Sandrock, J. Sandroos, S. Sarkar, K. Satalecka, P. Schlunder, T. Schmidt, A. Schneider, S. Schoenen, S. Schöneberg, L. Schumacher, D. Seckel, S. Seunarine, D. Soldin, M. Song, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, J. Stachurska, T. Stanev, A. Stasik, J. Stettner, A. Steuer, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, A. Stößl, N. L. Strotjohann, G. W. Sullivan, M. Sutherland, I. Taboada, J. Tatar, F. Tenholt, S. Ter-Antonyan, A. Terliuk, G. Tešić, S. Tilav, P. A. Toale, M. N. Tobin, S. Toscano, D. Tosi, M. Tselengidou, C. F. Tung, A. Turcati, C. F. Turley, B. Ty, E. Unger, M. Usner, J. Vandenbroucke, W. Van Driessche, N. Van Eijndhoven, S. Vanheule, J. Van Santen, M. Vehring, E. Vogel, M. Vraeghe, C. Walck, A. Wallace, M. Wallraff, F. D. Wandler, N. Wandkowsky, A. Waza, C. Weaver, M. J. Weiss, C. Wendt, S. Westerhoff, B. J. Whelan, S. Wickmann, K. Wiebe, C. H. Wiebusch, L. Wille, D. R. Williams, L. Wills, M. Wolf, J. Wood, T. R. Wood, E. Woolsey, K. Woschnagg, D. L. Xu, X. W. Xu, Y. Xu, J. P. Yanez, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida, T. Yuan, M. Zoll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The origins of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos remain a mystery despite extensive searches for their sources. We present constraints from seven years of IceCube Neutrino Observatory muon data on the neutrino flux coming from the Galactic plane. This flux is expected from cosmic-ray interactions with the interstellar medium or near localized sources. Two methods were developed to test for a spatially extended flux from the entire plane, both of which are maximum likelihood fits but with different signal and background modeling techniques. We consider three templates for Galactic neutrino emission based primarily on gamma-ray observations and models that cover a wide range of possibilities. Based on these templates and in the benchmark case of an unbroken E-2.5 power-law energy spectrum, we set 90% confidence level upper limits, constraining the possible Galactic contribution to the diffuse neutrino flux to be relatively small, less than 14% of the flux reported in Aartsen et al. above 1 TeV. A stacking method is also used to test catalogs of known high-energy Galactic gamma-ray sources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number67
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume849
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

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neutrinos
energy
stacking
templates
cosmic ray
power law
observatory
catalogs
muons
confidence
cosmic rays
observatories
astrophysics
energy spectra
modeling
gamma rays
method
test
interactions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Aartsen, M. G., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., Ahlers, M., Ahrens, M., ... Zoll, M. (2017). Constraints on Galactic Neutrino Emission with Seven Years of IceCube Data. Astrophysical Journal, 849(1), [67]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa8dfb
Aartsen, M. G. ; Ackermann, M. ; Adams, J. ; Aguilar, J. A. ; Ahlers, M. ; Ahrens, M. ; Samarai, I. Al ; Altmann, D. ; Andeen, K. ; Anderson, Tyler Brooks ; Ansseau, I. ; Anton, G. ; Argüelles, C. ; Auffenberg, J. ; Axani, S. ; Bagherpour, H. ; Bai, X. ; Barron, J. P. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Baum, V. ; Bay, R. ; Beatty, J. J. ; Tjus, J. Becker ; Becker, K. H. ; Benzvi, S. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Binder, G. ; Bindig, D. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Blot, S. ; Bohm, C. ; Börner, M. ; Bos, F. ; Bose, D. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Bourbeau, J. ; Bradascio, F. ; Braun, J. ; Brayeur, L. ; Brenzke, M. ; Bretz, H. P. ; Bron, S. ; Burgman, A. ; Carver, T. ; Casey, J. ; Casier, M. ; Cheung, E. ; Chirkin, D. ; Christov, A. ; Clark, K. ; Classen, L. ; Coenders, S. ; Collin, G. H. ; Conrad, J. M. ; Cowen, Douglas ; Cross, R. ; Day, M. ; André, J. P.A.M.D. ; Clercq, C. De ; Delaunay, J. J. ; Dembinski, H. ; Ridder, S. De ; Desiati, P. ; Vries, K. D.De ; Wasseige, G. De ; With, M. De ; Deyoung, T. ; Daz-Vélez, J. C. ; Lorenzo, V. Di ; Dujmovic, H. ; Dumm, J. P. ; Dunkman, M. ; Eberhardt, B. ; Ehrhardt, T. ; Eichmann, B. ; Eller, P. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fahey, S. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Felde, J. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finley, C. ; Flis, S. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Friedman, E. ; Fuchs, T. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Ghorbani, K. ; Giang, W. ; Glauch, T. ; Glüsenkamp, T. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Gonzalez, J. G. ; Grant, D. ; Griffith, Z. ; Haack, C. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Hanson, K. ; Hebecker, D. ; Heereman, D. ; Helbing, K. ; Hellauer, R. ; Hickford, S. ; Hignight, J. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hoffman, K. D. ; Hoffmann, R. ; Hokanson-Fasig, B. ; Hoshina, K. ; Huang, F. ; Huber, M. ; Hultqvist, K. ; In, S. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobi, E. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Jeong, M. ; Jero, K. ; Jones, B. J.P. ; Kalacynski, P. ; Kang, W. ; Kappes, A. ; Karg, T. ; Karle, A. ; Katz, U. ; Kauer, M. ; Keivani, A. ; Kelley, J. L. ; Kheirandish, A. ; Kim, J. ; Kim, M. ; Kintscher, T. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kittler, T. ; Klein, S. R. ; Kohnen, G. ; Koirala, R. ; Kolanoski, H. ; Köpke, L. ; Kopper, C. ; Kopper, S. ; Koschinsky, J. P. ; Koskinen, D. J. ; Kowalski, M. ; Krings, K. ; Kroll, M. ; Krückl, G. ; Kunnen, J. ; Kunwar, S. ; Kurahashi, N. ; Kuwabara, T. ; Kyriacou, A. ; Labare, M. ; Lanfranchi, J. L. ; Larson, M. J. ; Lauber, F. ; Lennarz, D. ; Lesiak-Bzdak, M. ; Leuermann, M. ; Liu, Q. R. ; Lu, L. ; Lünemann, J. ; Luszczak, W. ; Madsen, J. ; Maggi, G. ; Mahn, K. B.M. ; Mancina, S. ; Maruyama, R. ; Mase, K. ; Maunu, R. ; McNally, F. ; Meagher, K. ; Medici, M. ; Meier, M. ; Menne, T. ; Merino, G. ; Meures, T. ; Miarecki, S. ; Micallef, J. ; Momenté, G. ; Montaruli, T. ; Moore, R. W. ; Moulai, M. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Nakarmi, P. ; Naumann, U. ; Neer, G. ; Niederhausen, H. ; Nowicki, S. C. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Pollmann, A. Obertacke ; Olivas, A. ; O'Murchadha, A. ; Palczewski, T. ; Pandya, H. ; Pankova, D. V. ; Peiffer, P. ; Pepper, J. A. ; Heros, C. Pérez De Los ; Pieloth, D. ; Pinat, E. ; Plum, M. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Raab, C. ; Radel, L. ; Rameez, M. ; Rawlins, K. ; Reimann, R. ; Relethford, B. ; Relich, M. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Richman, M. ; Robertson, S. ; Rongen, M. ; Rott, C. ; Ruhe, T. ; Ryckbosch, D. ; Rysewyk, D. ; Salzer, T. ; Herrera, S. E.Sanchez ; Sandrock, A. ; Sandroos, J. ; Sarkar, S. ; Satalecka, K. ; Schlunder, P. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schneider, A. ; Schoenen, S. ; Schöneberg, S. ; Schumacher, L. ; Seckel, D. ; Seunarine, S. ; Soldin, D. ; Song, M. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stachurska, J. ; Stanev, T. ; Stasik, A. ; Stettner, J. ; Steuer, A. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Stößl, A. ; Strotjohann, N. L. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Sutherland, M. ; Taboada, I. ; Tatar, J. ; Tenholt, F. ; Ter-Antonyan, S. ; Terliuk, A. ; Tešić, G. ; Tilav, S. ; Toale, P. A. ; Tobin, M. N. ; Toscano, S. ; Tosi, D. ; Tselengidou, M. ; Tung, C. F. ; Turcati, A. ; Turley, C. F. ; Ty, B. ; Unger, E. ; Usner, M. ; Vandenbroucke, J. ; Driessche, W. Van ; Eijndhoven, N. Van ; Vanheule, S. ; Santen, J. Van ; Vehring, M. ; Vogel, E. ; Vraeghe, M. ; Walck, C. ; Wallace, A. ; Wallraff, M. ; Wandler, F. D. ; Wandkowsky, N. ; Waza, A. ; Weaver, C. ; Weiss, M. J. ; Wendt, C. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Whelan, B. J. ; Wickmann, S. ; Wiebe, K. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Wille, L. ; Williams, D. R. ; Wills, L. ; Wolf, M. ; Wood, J. ; Wood, T. R. ; Woolsey, E. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Xu, D. L. ; Xu, X. W. ; Xu, Y. ; Yanez, J. P. ; Yodh, G. ; Yoshida, S. ; Yuan, T. ; Zoll, M. / Constraints on Galactic Neutrino Emission with Seven Years of IceCube Data. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 849, No. 1.
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title = "Constraints on Galactic Neutrino Emission with Seven Years of IceCube Data",
abstract = "The origins of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos remain a mystery despite extensive searches for their sources. We present constraints from seven years of IceCube Neutrino Observatory muon data on the neutrino flux coming from the Galactic plane. This flux is expected from cosmic-ray interactions with the interstellar medium or near localized sources. Two methods were developed to test for a spatially extended flux from the entire plane, both of which are maximum likelihood fits but with different signal and background modeling techniques. We consider three templates for Galactic neutrino emission based primarily on gamma-ray observations and models that cover a wide range of possibilities. Based on these templates and in the benchmark case of an unbroken E-2.5 power-law energy spectrum, we set 90{\%} confidence level upper limits, constraining the possible Galactic contribution to the diffuse neutrino flux to be relatively small, less than 14{\%} of the flux reported in Aartsen et al. above 1 TeV. A stacking method is also used to test catalogs of known high-energy Galactic gamma-ray sources.",
author = "Aartsen, {M. G.} and M. Ackermann and J. Adams and Aguilar, {J. A.} and M. Ahlers and M. Ahrens and Samarai, {I. Al} and D. Altmann and K. Andeen and Anderson, {Tyler Brooks} and I. Ansseau and G. Anton and C. Arg{\"u}elles and J. Auffenberg and S. Axani and H. Bagherpour and X. Bai and Barron, {J. P.} and Barwick, {S. W.} and V. Baum and R. Bay and Beatty, {J. J.} and Tjus, {J. Becker} and Becker, {K. H.} and S. Benzvi and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and Besson, {D. Z.} and G. Binder and D. Bindig and E. Blaufuss and S. Blot and C. Bohm and M. B{\"o}rner and F. Bos and D. Bose and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and J. Bourbeau and F. Bradascio and J. Braun and L. Brayeur and M. Brenzke and Bretz, {H. P.} and S. Bron and A. Burgman and T. Carver and J. Casey and M. Casier and E. Cheung and D. Chirkin and A. Christov and K. Clark and L. Classen and S. Coenders and Collin, {G. H.} and Conrad, {J. M.} and Douglas Cowen and R. Cross and M. Day and Andr{\'e}, {J. P.A.M.D.} and Clercq, {C. De} and Delaunay, {J. J.} and H. Dembinski and Ridder, {S. De} and P. Desiati and Vries, {K. D.De} and Wasseige, {G. De} and With, {M. De} and T. Deyoung and Daz-V{\'e}lez, {J. C.} and Lorenzo, {V. Di} and H. Dujmovic and Dumm, {J. P.} and M. Dunkman and B. Eberhardt and T. Ehrhardt and B. Eichmann and P. Eller and Evenson, {P. A.} and S. Fahey and Fazely, {A. R.} and J. Felde and K. Filimonov and C. Finley and S. Flis and A. Franckowiak and E. Friedman and T. Fuchs and Gaisser, {T. K.} and J. Gallagher and L. Gerhardt and K. Ghorbani and W. Giang and T. Glauch and T. Gl{\"u}senkamp and A. Goldschmidt and Gonzalez, {J. G.} and D. Grant and Z. Griffith and C. Haack and A. Hallgren and F. Halzen and K. Hanson and D. Hebecker and D. Heereman and K. Helbing and R. Hellauer and S. Hickford and J. Hignight and Hill, {G. C.} and Hoffman, {K. D.} and R. Hoffmann and B. Hokanson-Fasig and K. Hoshina and F. Huang and M. Huber and K. Hultqvist and S. In and A. Ishihara and E. Jacobi and Japaridze, {G. S.} and M. Jeong and K. Jero and Jones, {B. J.P.} and P. Kalacynski and W. Kang and A. Kappes and T. Karg and A. Karle and U. Katz and M. Kauer and A. Keivani and Kelley, {J. L.} and A. Kheirandish and J. Kim and M. Kim and T. Kintscher and J. Kiryluk and T. Kittler and Klein, {S. R.} and G. Kohnen and R. Koirala and H. Kolanoski and L. K{\"o}pke and C. Kopper and S. Kopper and Koschinsky, {J. P.} and Koskinen, {D. J.} and M. Kowalski and K. Krings and M. Kroll and G. Kr{\"u}ckl and J. Kunnen and S. Kunwar and N. Kurahashi and T. Kuwabara and A. Kyriacou and M. Labare and Lanfranchi, {J. L.} and Larson, {M. J.} and F. Lauber and D. Lennarz and M. Lesiak-Bzdak and M. Leuermann and Liu, {Q. R.} and L. Lu and J. L{\"u}nemann and W. Luszczak and J. Madsen and G. Maggi and Mahn, {K. B.M.} and S. Mancina and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and R. Maunu and F. McNally and K. Meagher and M. Medici and M. Meier and T. Menne and G. Merino and T. Meures and S. Miarecki and J. Micallef and G. Moment{\'e} and T. Montaruli and Moore, {R. W.} and M. Moulai and R. Nahnhauer and P. Nakarmi and U. Naumann and G. Neer and H. Niederhausen and Nowicki, {S. C.} and Nygren, {D. R.} and Pollmann, {A. Obertacke} and A. Olivas and A. O'Murchadha and T. Palczewski and H. Pandya and Pankova, {D. V.} and P. Peiffer and Pepper, {J. A.} and Heros, {C. P{\'e}rez De Los} and D. Pieloth and E. Pinat and M. Plum and Price, {P. B.} and Przybylski, {G. T.} and C. Raab and L. Radel and M. Rameez and K. Rawlins and R. Reimann and B. Relethford and M. Relich and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Richman and S. Robertson and M. Rongen and C. Rott and T. Ruhe and D. Ryckbosch and D. Rysewyk and T. Salzer and Herrera, {S. E.Sanchez} and A. Sandrock and J. Sandroos and S. Sarkar and K. Satalecka and P. Schlunder and T. Schmidt and A. Schneider and S. Schoenen and S. Sch{\"o}neberg and L. Schumacher and D. Seckel and S. Seunarine and D. Soldin and M. Song and Spiczak, {G. M.} and C. Spiering and J. Stachurska and T. Stanev and A. Stasik and J. Stettner and A. Steuer and T. Stezelberger and Stokstad, {R. G.} and A. St{\"o}{\ss}l and Strotjohann, {N. L.} and Sullivan, {G. W.} and M. Sutherland and I. Taboada and J. Tatar and F. Tenholt and S. Ter-Antonyan and A. Terliuk and G. Tešić and S. Tilav and Toale, {P. A.} and Tobin, {M. N.} and S. Toscano and D. Tosi and M. Tselengidou and Tung, {C. F.} and A. Turcati and Turley, {C. F.} and B. Ty and E. Unger and M. Usner and J. Vandenbroucke and Driessche, {W. Van} and Eijndhoven, {N. Van} and S. Vanheule and Santen, {J. Van} and M. Vehring and E. Vogel and M. Vraeghe and C. Walck and A. Wallace and M. Wallraff and Wandler, {F. D.} and N. Wandkowsky and A. Waza and C. Weaver and Weiss, {M. J.} and C. Wendt and S. Westerhoff and Whelan, {B. J.} and S. Wickmann and K. Wiebe and Wiebusch, {C. H.} and L. Wille and Williams, {D. R.} and L. Wills and M. Wolf and J. Wood and Wood, {T. R.} and E. Woolsey and K. Woschnagg and Xu, {D. L.} and Xu, {X. W.} and Y. Xu and Yanez, {J. P.} and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and T. Yuan and M. Zoll",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3847/1538-4357/aa8dfb",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "849",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
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Aartsen, MG, Ackermann, M, Adams, J, Aguilar, JA, Ahlers, M, Ahrens, M, Samarai, IA, Altmann, D, Andeen, K, Anderson, TB, Ansseau, I, Anton, G, Argüelles, C, Auffenberg, J, Axani, S, Bagherpour, H, Bai, X, Barron, JP, Barwick, SW, Baum, V, Bay, R, Beatty, JJ, Tjus, JB, Becker, KH, Benzvi, S, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Besson, DZ, Binder, G, Bindig, D, Blaufuss, E, Blot, S, Bohm, C, Börner, M, Bos, F, Bose, D, Böser, S, Botner, O, Bourbeau, J, Bradascio, F, Braun, J, Brayeur, L, Brenzke, M, Bretz, HP, Bron, S, Burgman, A, Carver, T, Casey, J, Casier, M, Cheung, E, Chirkin, D, Christov, A, Clark, K, Classen, L, Coenders, S, Collin, GH, Conrad, JM, Cowen, D, Cross, R, Day, M, André, JPAMD, Clercq, CD, Delaunay, JJ, Dembinski, H, Ridder, SD, Desiati, P, Vries, KDD, Wasseige, GD, With, MD, Deyoung, T, Daz-Vélez, JC, Lorenzo, VD, Dujmovic, H, Dumm, JP, Dunkman, M, Eberhardt, B, Ehrhardt, T, Eichmann, B, Eller, P, Evenson, PA, Fahey, S, Fazely, AR, Felde, J, Filimonov, K, Finley, C, Flis, S, Franckowiak, A, Friedman, E, Fuchs, T, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Gerhardt, L, Ghorbani, K, Giang, W, Glauch, T, Glüsenkamp, T, Goldschmidt, A, Gonzalez, JG, Grant, D, Griffith, Z, Haack, C, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Hanson, K, Hebecker, D, Heereman, D, Helbing, K, Hellauer, R, Hickford, S, Hignight, J, Hill, GC, Hoffman, KD, Hoffmann, R, Hokanson-Fasig, B, Hoshina, K, Huang, F, Huber, M, Hultqvist, K, In, S, Ishihara, A, Jacobi, E, Japaridze, GS, Jeong, M, Jero, K, Jones, BJP, Kalacynski, P, Kang, W, Kappes, A, Karg, T, Karle, A, Katz, U, Kauer, M, Keivani, A, Kelley, JL, Kheirandish, A, Kim, J, Kim, M, Kintscher, T, Kiryluk, J, Kittler, T, Klein, SR, Kohnen, G, Koirala, R, Kolanoski, H, Köpke, L, Kopper, C, Kopper, S, Koschinsky, JP, Koskinen, DJ, Kowalski, M, Krings, K, Kroll, M, Krückl, G, Kunnen, J, Kunwar, S, Kurahashi, N, Kuwabara, T, Kyriacou, A, Labare, M, Lanfranchi, JL, Larson, MJ, Lauber, F, Lennarz, D, Lesiak-Bzdak, M, Leuermann, M, Liu, QR, Lu, L, Lünemann, J, Luszczak, W, Madsen, J, Maggi, G, Mahn, KBM, Mancina, S, Maruyama, R, Mase, K, Maunu, R, McNally, F, Meagher, K, Medici, M, Meier, M, Menne, T, Merino, G, Meures, T, Miarecki, S, Micallef, J, Momenté, G, Montaruli, T, Moore, RW, Moulai, M, Nahnhauer, R, Nakarmi, P, Naumann, U, Neer, G, Niederhausen, H, Nowicki, SC, Nygren, DR, Pollmann, AO, Olivas, A, O'Murchadha, A, Palczewski, T, Pandya, H, Pankova, DV, Peiffer, P, Pepper, JA, Heros, CPDL, Pieloth, D, Pinat, E, Plum, M, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Raab, C, Radel, L, Rameez, M, Rawlins, K, Reimann, R, Relethford, B, Relich, M, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Richman, M, Robertson, S, Rongen, M, Rott, C, Ruhe, T, Ryckbosch, D, Rysewyk, D, Salzer, T, Herrera, SES, Sandrock, A, Sandroos, J, Sarkar, S, Satalecka, K, Schlunder, P, Schmidt, T, Schneider, A, Schoenen, S, Schöneberg, S, Schumacher, L, Seckel, D, Seunarine, S, Soldin, D, Song, M, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stachurska, J, Stanev, T, Stasik, A, Stettner, J, Steuer, A, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Stößl, A, Strotjohann, NL, Sullivan, GW, Sutherland, M, Taboada, I, Tatar, J, Tenholt, F, Ter-Antonyan, S, Terliuk, A, Tešić, G, Tilav, S, Toale, PA, Tobin, MN, Toscano, S, Tosi, D, Tselengidou, M, Tung, CF, Turcati, A, Turley, CF, Ty, B, Unger, E, Usner, M, Vandenbroucke, J, Driessche, WV, Eijndhoven, NV, Vanheule, S, Santen, JV, Vehring, M, Vogel, E, Vraeghe, M, Walck, C, Wallace, A, Wallraff, M, Wandler, FD, Wandkowsky, N, Waza, A, Weaver, C, Weiss, MJ, Wendt, C, Westerhoff, S, Whelan, BJ, Wickmann, S, Wiebe, K, Wiebusch, CH, Wille, L, Williams, DR, Wills, L, Wolf, M, Wood, J, Wood, TR, Woolsey, E, Woschnagg, K, Xu, DL, Xu, XW, Xu, Y, Yanez, JP, Yodh, G, Yoshida, S, Yuan, T & Zoll, M 2017, 'Constraints on Galactic Neutrino Emission with Seven Years of IceCube Data', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 849, no. 1, 67. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa8dfb

Constraints on Galactic Neutrino Emission with Seven Years of IceCube Data. / Aartsen, M. G.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Ahrens, M.; Samarai, I. Al; Altmann, D.; Andeen, K.; Anderson, Tyler Brooks; Ansseau, I.; Anton, G.; Argüelles, C.; Auffenberg, J.; Axani, S.; Bagherpour, H.; Bai, X.; Barron, J. P.; Barwick, S. W.; Baum, V.; Bay, R.; Beatty, J. J.; Tjus, J. Becker; Becker, K. H.; Benzvi, S.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Besson, D. Z.; Binder, G.; Bindig, D.; Blaufuss, E.; Blot, S.; Bohm, C.; Börner, M.; Bos, F.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Bourbeau, J.; Bradascio, F.; Braun, J.; Brayeur, L.; Brenzke, M.; Bretz, H. P.; Bron, S.; Burgman, A.; Carver, T.; Casey, J.; Casier, M.; Cheung, E.; Chirkin, D.; Christov, A.; Clark, K.; Classen, L.; Coenders, S.; Collin, G. H.; Conrad, J. M.; Cowen, Douglas; Cross, R.; Day, M.; André, J. P.A.M.D.; Clercq, C. De; Delaunay, J. J.; Dembinski, H.; Ridder, S. De; Desiati, P.; Vries, K. D.De; Wasseige, G. De; With, M. De; Deyoung, T.; Daz-Vélez, J. C.; Lorenzo, V. Di; Dujmovic, H.; Dumm, J. P.; Dunkman, M.; Eberhardt, B.; Ehrhardt, T.; Eichmann, B.; Eller, P.; Evenson, P. A.; Fahey, S.; Fazely, A. R.; Felde, J.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Flis, S.; Franckowiak, A.; Friedman, E.; Fuchs, T.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Ghorbani, K.; Giang, W.; Glauch, T.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Gonzalez, J. G.; Grant, D.; Griffith, Z.; Haack, C.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hanson, K.; Hebecker, D.; Heereman, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellauer, R.; Hickford, S.; Hignight, J.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoffmann, R.; Hokanson-Fasig, B.; Hoshina, K.; Huang, F.; Huber, M.; Hultqvist, K.; In, S.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobi, E.; Japaridze, G. S.; Jeong, M.; Jero, K.; Jones, B. J.P.; Kalacynski, P.; Kang, W.; Kappes, A.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Katz, U.; Kauer, M.; Keivani, A.; Kelley, J. L.; Kheirandish, A.; Kim, J.; Kim, M.; Kintscher, T.; Kiryluk, J.; Kittler, T.; Klein, S. R.; Kohnen, G.; Koirala, R.; Kolanoski, H.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, C.; Kopper, S.; Koschinsky, J. P.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Krings, K.; Kroll, M.; Krückl, G.; Kunnen, J.; Kunwar, S.; Kurahashi, N.; Kuwabara, T.; Kyriacou, A.; Labare, M.; Lanfranchi, J. L.; Larson, M. J.; Lauber, F.; Lennarz, D.; Lesiak-Bzdak, M.; Leuermann, M.; Liu, Q. R.; Lu, L.; Lünemann, J.; Luszczak, W.; Madsen, J.; Maggi, G.; Mahn, K. B.M.; Mancina, S.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Maunu, R.; McNally, F.; Meagher, K.; Medici, M.; Meier, M.; Menne, T.; Merino, G.; Meures, T.; Miarecki, S.; Micallef, J.; Momenté, G.; Montaruli, T.; Moore, R. W.; Moulai, M.; Nahnhauer, R.; Nakarmi, P.; Naumann, U.; Neer, G.; Niederhausen, H.; Nowicki, S. C.; Nygren, D. R.; Pollmann, A. Obertacke; Olivas, A.; O'Murchadha, A.; Palczewski, T.; Pandya, H.; Pankova, D. V.; Peiffer, P.; Pepper, J. A.; Heros, C. Pérez De Los; Pieloth, D.; Pinat, E.; Plum, M.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Raab, C.; Radel, L.; Rameez, M.; Rawlins, K.; Reimann, R.; Relethford, B.; Relich, M.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Richman, M.; Robertson, S.; Rongen, M.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Ryckbosch, D.; Rysewyk, D.; Salzer, T.; Herrera, S. E.Sanchez; Sandrock, A.; Sandroos, J.; Sarkar, S.; Satalecka, K.; Schlunder, P.; Schmidt, T.; Schneider, A.; Schoenen, S.; Schöneberg, S.; Schumacher, L.; Seckel, D.; Seunarine, S.; Soldin, D.; Song, M.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stachurska, J.; Stanev, T.; Stasik, A.; Stettner, J.; Steuer, A.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stößl, A.; Strotjohann, N. L.; Sullivan, G. W.; Sutherland, M.; Taboada, I.; Tatar, J.; Tenholt, F.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Terliuk, A.; Tešić, G.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Tobin, M. N.; Toscano, S.; Tosi, D.; Tselengidou, M.; Tung, C. F.; Turcati, A.; Turley, C. F.; Ty, B.; Unger, E.; Usner, M.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Driessche, W. Van; Eijndhoven, N. Van; Vanheule, S.; Santen, J. Van; Vehring, M.; Vogel, E.; Vraeghe, M.; Walck, C.; Wallace, A.; Wallraff, M.; Wandler, F. D.; Wandkowsky, N.; Waza, A.; Weaver, C.; Weiss, M. J.; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whelan, B. J.; Wickmann, S.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Wille, L.; Williams, D. R.; Wills, L.; Wolf, M.; Wood, J.; Wood, T. R.; Woolsey, E.; Woschnagg, K.; Xu, D. L.; Xu, X. W.; Xu, Y.; Yanez, J. P.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Yuan, T.; Zoll, M.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 849, No. 1, 67, 01.11.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Constraints on Galactic Neutrino Emission with Seven Years of IceCube Data

AU - Aartsen, M. G.

AU - Ackermann, M.

AU - Adams, J.

AU - Aguilar, J. A.

AU - Ahlers, M.

AU - Ahrens, M.

AU - Samarai, I. Al

AU - Altmann, D.

AU - Andeen, K.

AU - Anderson, Tyler Brooks

AU - Ansseau, I.

AU - Anton, G.

AU - Argüelles, C.

AU - Auffenberg, J.

AU - Axani, S.

AU - Bagherpour, H.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Barron, J. P.

AU - Barwick, S. W.

AU - Baum, V.

AU - Bay, R.

AU - Beatty, J. J.

AU - Tjus, J. Becker

AU - Becker, K. H.

AU - Benzvi, S.

AU - Berley, D.

AU - Bernardini, E.

AU - Besson, D. Z.

AU - Binder, G.

AU - Bindig, D.

AU - Blaufuss, E.

AU - Blot, S.

AU - Bohm, C.

AU - Börner, M.

AU - Bos, F.

AU - Bose, D.

AU - Böser, S.

AU - Botner, O.

AU - Bourbeau, J.

AU - Bradascio, F.

AU - Braun, J.

AU - Brayeur, L.

AU - Brenzke, M.

AU - Bretz, H. P.

AU - Bron, S.

AU - Burgman, A.

AU - Carver, T.

AU - Casey, J.

AU - Casier, M.

AU - Cheung, E.

AU - Chirkin, D.

AU - Christov, A.

AU - Clark, K.

AU - Classen, L.

AU - Coenders, S.

AU - Collin, G. H.

AU - Conrad, J. M.

AU - Cowen, Douglas

AU - Cross, R.

AU - Day, M.

AU - André, J. P.A.M.D.

AU - Clercq, C. De

AU - Delaunay, J. J.

AU - Dembinski, H.

AU - Ridder, S. De

AU - Desiati, P.

AU - Vries, K. D.De

AU - Wasseige, G. De

AU - With, M. De

AU - Deyoung, T.

AU - Daz-Vélez, J. C.

AU - Lorenzo, V. Di

AU - Dujmovic, H.

AU - Dumm, J. P.

AU - Dunkman, M.

AU - Eberhardt, B.

AU - Ehrhardt, T.

AU - Eichmann, B.

AU - Eller, P.

AU - Evenson, P. A.

AU - Fahey, S.

AU - Fazely, A. R.

AU - Felde, J.

AU - Filimonov, K.

AU - Finley, C.

AU - Flis, S.

AU - Franckowiak, A.

AU - Friedman, E.

AU - Fuchs, T.

AU - Gaisser, T. K.

AU - Gallagher, J.

AU - Gerhardt, L.

AU - Ghorbani, K.

AU - Giang, W.

AU - Glauch, T.

AU - Glüsenkamp, T.

AU - Goldschmidt, A.

AU - Gonzalez, J. G.

AU - Grant, D.

AU - Griffith, Z.

AU - Haack, C.

AU - Hallgren, A.

AU - Halzen, F.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Hebecker, D.

AU - Heereman, D.

AU - Helbing, K.

AU - Hellauer, R.

AU - Hickford, S.

AU - Hignight, J.

AU - Hill, G. C.

AU - Hoffman, K. D.

AU - Hoffmann, R.

AU - Hokanson-Fasig, B.

AU - Hoshina, K.

AU - Huang, F.

AU - Huber, M.

AU - Hultqvist, K.

AU - In, S.

AU - Ishihara, A.

AU - Jacobi, E.

AU - Japaridze, G. S.

AU - Jeong, M.

AU - Jero, K.

AU - Jones, B. J.P.

AU - Kalacynski, P.

AU - Kang, W.

AU - Kappes, A.

AU - Karg, T.

AU - Karle, A.

AU - Katz, U.

AU - Kauer, M.

AU - Keivani, A.

AU - Kelley, J. L.

AU - Kheirandish, A.

AU - Kim, J.

AU - Kim, M.

AU - Kintscher, T.

AU - Kiryluk, J.

AU - Kittler, T.

AU - Klein, S. R.

AU - Kohnen, G.

AU - Koirala, R.

AU - Kolanoski, H.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kopper, C.

AU - Kopper, S.

AU - Koschinsky, J. P.

AU - Koskinen, D. J.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Krings, K.

AU - Kroll, M.

AU - Krückl, G.

AU - Kunnen, J.

AU - Kunwar, S.

AU - Kurahashi, N.

AU - Kuwabara, T.

AU - Kyriacou, A.

AU - Labare, M.

AU - Lanfranchi, J. L.

AU - Larson, M. J.

AU - Lauber, F.

AU - Lennarz, D.

AU - Lesiak-Bzdak, M.

AU - Leuermann, M.

AU - Liu, Q. R.

AU - Lu, L.

AU - Lünemann, J.

AU - Luszczak, W.

AU - Madsen, J.

AU - Maggi, G.

AU - Mahn, K. B.M.

AU - Mancina, S.

AU - Maruyama, R.

AU - Mase, K.

AU - Maunu, R.

AU - McNally, F.

AU - Meagher, K.

AU - Medici, M.

AU - Meier, M.

AU - Menne, T.

AU - Merino, G.

AU - Meures, T.

AU - Miarecki, S.

AU - Micallef, J.

AU - Momenté, G.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Moore, R. W.

AU - Moulai, M.

AU - Nahnhauer, R.

AU - Nakarmi, P.

AU - Naumann, U.

AU - Neer, G.

AU - Niederhausen, H.

AU - Nowicki, S. C.

AU - Nygren, D. R.

AU - Pollmann, A. Obertacke

AU - Olivas, A.

AU - O'Murchadha, A.

AU - Palczewski, T.

AU - Pandya, H.

AU - Pankova, D. V.

AU - Peiffer, P.

AU - Pepper, J. A.

AU - Heros, C. Pérez De Los

AU - Pieloth, D.

AU - Pinat, E.

AU - Plum, M.

AU - Price, P. B.

AU - Przybylski, G. T.

AU - Raab, C.

AU - Radel, L.

AU - Rameez, M.

AU - Rawlins, K.

AU - Reimann, R.

AU - Relethford, B.

AU - Relich, M.

AU - Resconi, E.

AU - Rhode, W.

AU - Richman, M.

AU - Robertson, S.

AU - Rongen, M.

AU - Rott, C.

AU - Ruhe, T.

AU - Ryckbosch, D.

AU - Rysewyk, D.

AU - Salzer, T.

AU - Herrera, S. E.Sanchez

AU - Sandrock, A.

AU - Sandroos, J.

AU - Sarkar, S.

AU - Satalecka, K.

AU - Schlunder, P.

AU - Schmidt, T.

AU - Schneider, A.

AU - Schoenen, S.

AU - Schöneberg, S.

AU - Schumacher, L.

AU - Seckel, D.

AU - Seunarine, S.

AU - Soldin, D.

AU - Song, M.

AU - Spiczak, G. M.

AU - Spiering, C.

AU - Stachurska, J.

AU - Stanev, T.

AU - Stasik, A.

AU - Stettner, J.

AU - Steuer, A.

AU - Stezelberger, T.

AU - Stokstad, R. G.

AU - Stößl, A.

AU - Strotjohann, N. L.

AU - Sullivan, G. W.

AU - Sutherland, M.

AU - Taboada, I.

AU - Tatar, J.

AU - Tenholt, F.

AU - Ter-Antonyan, S.

AU - Terliuk, A.

AU - Tešić, G.

AU - Tilav, S.

AU - Toale, P. A.

AU - Tobin, M. N.

AU - Toscano, S.

AU - Tosi, D.

AU - Tselengidou, M.

AU - Tung, C. F.

AU - Turcati, A.

AU - Turley, C. F.

AU - Ty, B.

AU - Unger, E.

AU - Usner, M.

AU - Vandenbroucke, J.

AU - Driessche, W. Van

AU - Eijndhoven, N. Van

AU - Vanheule, S.

AU - Santen, J. Van

AU - Vehring, M.

AU - Vogel, E.

AU - Vraeghe, M.

AU - Walck, C.

AU - Wallace, A.

AU - Wallraff, M.

AU - Wandler, F. D.

AU - Wandkowsky, N.

AU - Waza, A.

AU - Weaver, C.

AU - Weiss, M. J.

AU - Wendt, C.

AU - Westerhoff, S.

AU - Whelan, B. J.

AU - Wickmann, S.

AU - Wiebe, K.

AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

AU - Wille, L.

AU - Williams, D. R.

AU - Wills, L.

AU - Wolf, M.

AU - Wood, J.

AU - Wood, T. R.

AU - Woolsey, E.

AU - Woschnagg, K.

AU - Xu, D. L.

AU - Xu, X. W.

AU - Xu, Y.

AU - Yanez, J. P.

AU - Yodh, G.

AU - Yoshida, S.

AU - Yuan, T.

AU - Zoll, M.

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - The origins of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos remain a mystery despite extensive searches for their sources. We present constraints from seven years of IceCube Neutrino Observatory muon data on the neutrino flux coming from the Galactic plane. This flux is expected from cosmic-ray interactions with the interstellar medium or near localized sources. Two methods were developed to test for a spatially extended flux from the entire plane, both of which are maximum likelihood fits but with different signal and background modeling techniques. We consider three templates for Galactic neutrino emission based primarily on gamma-ray observations and models that cover a wide range of possibilities. Based on these templates and in the benchmark case of an unbroken E-2.5 power-law energy spectrum, we set 90% confidence level upper limits, constraining the possible Galactic contribution to the diffuse neutrino flux to be relatively small, less than 14% of the flux reported in Aartsen et al. above 1 TeV. A stacking method is also used to test catalogs of known high-energy Galactic gamma-ray sources.

AB - The origins of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos remain a mystery despite extensive searches for their sources. We present constraints from seven years of IceCube Neutrino Observatory muon data on the neutrino flux coming from the Galactic plane. This flux is expected from cosmic-ray interactions with the interstellar medium or near localized sources. Two methods were developed to test for a spatially extended flux from the entire plane, both of which are maximum likelihood fits but with different signal and background modeling techniques. We consider three templates for Galactic neutrino emission based primarily on gamma-ray observations and models that cover a wide range of possibilities. Based on these templates and in the benchmark case of an unbroken E-2.5 power-law energy spectrum, we set 90% confidence level upper limits, constraining the possible Galactic contribution to the diffuse neutrino flux to be relatively small, less than 14% of the flux reported in Aartsen et al. above 1 TeV. A stacking method is also used to test catalogs of known high-energy Galactic gamma-ray sources.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85033588008&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85033588008&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3847/1538-4357/aa8dfb

DO - 10.3847/1538-4357/aa8dfb

M3 - Article

VL - 849

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 1

M1 - 67

ER -

Aartsen MG, Ackermann M, Adams J, Aguilar JA, Ahlers M, Ahrens M et al. Constraints on Galactic Neutrino Emission with Seven Years of IceCube Data. Astrophysical Journal. 2017 Nov 1;849(1). 67. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa8dfb