Simultaneous acquisition of detrital zircon Pb-Pb ages and trace element abundances from grains collected across the Indian craton, spanning ~3 b.y., reveals prominent shifts in Eu/ Eu* and light and middle to heavy rare earth element ratios. These shifts correspond to a ca. 3.0-2.2 Ga interval of crustal thickening during Indian craton formation, followed by a period wherein arc magmatism occurred along thinner craton margins from ca. 1.9 to 1.0 Ga, with arc magmatism concentrated along attenuated continental margins after ca. 1.0 Ga. Similar temporal shifts in trace element concentrations are recognized in global whole-rock compilations. We propose that the post-1.0 Ga increase in juvenile magmatism reflects a switch to lateral arc terrane accretion as the primary style of continental growth over the past billion years.
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