Continuity of the Effective Delay Operator for Networks Based on the Link Delay Model

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This paper is concerned with a dynamic traffic network performance model, known as dynamic network loading (DNL), that is frequently employed in the modeling and computation of analytical dynamic user equilibrium (DUE). As a key component of continuous-time DUE models, DNL aims at describing and predicting the spatial-temporal evolution of traffic flows on a network that is consistent with established route and departure time choices of travelers, by introducing appropriate dynamics to flow propagation, flow conservation, and travel delays. The DNL procedure gives rise to the path delay operator, which associates a vector of path flows (path departure rates) with the corresponding path travel costs. In this paper, we establish strong continuity of the path delay operator for networks whose arc flows are described by the link delay model (Friesz et al., Oper Res 41(1):80–91, 1993; Carey, Networks and Spatial Economics 1(3):349–375, 2001). Unlike the result established in Zhu and Marcotte (Transp Sci 34(4):402–414, 2000), our continuity proof is constructed without assuming a priori uniform boundedness of the path flows. Such a more general continuity result has a few important implications to the existence of simultaneous route-and-departure-time DUE without a priori boundedness of path flows, and to any numerical algorithm that allows convergence to be rigorously analyzed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1095-1110
Number of pages16
JournalNetworks and Spatial Economics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Artificial Intelligence


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