Continuous compression as an effective therapeutic intervention in treating eccentric-exercise-induced muscle soreness

W. J. Kraemer, J. A. Bush, R. B. Wickham, C. R. Denegar, A. L. Gomez, L. A. Gotshalk, N. D. Duncan, J. S. Volek, R. U. Newton, M. Putukian, W. J. Sebastianelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: Prior investigations using ice, massage, or exercise have not shown efficacy in relieving delayed-onset muscle soreness. Objectives: To determine whether a compression sleeve worn immediately after maximal eccentric exercise enhances recovery. Design: Randomized, controlled clinical study. Setting: University sports medicine laboratory. Participants: Fifteen healthy, non-strength-trained men, matched for physical criteria, randomly placed in a control group or a continuous compression-sleeve group (CS). Methods and Measures: Subjects performed 2 sets of 50 arm curls. 1RM elbow flexion at 60°/s, upper-arm circumference, resting-elbow angle, serum creatine kinase (CK), and perception-of-soreness data were collected before exercise and for 3 days. Results: CK was significantly (P < .05) elevated from the baseline value in both groups, although the elevation in the CS group was less. CS prevented loss of elbow extension, decreased subjects' perception of soreness, reduced swelling, and promoted recovery of force production. Conclusions: Compression is important in soft-tissue-injury management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-23
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Sport Rehabilitation
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

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Myalgia
Elbow
Exercise
Creatine Kinase
Arm
Soft Tissue Injuries
Sports Medicine
Massage
Ice
Healthy Volunteers
Therapeutics
Control Groups
Serum

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Kraemer, W. J. ; Bush, J. A. ; Wickham, R. B. ; Denegar, C. R. ; Gomez, A. L. ; Gotshalk, L. A. ; Duncan, N. D. ; Volek, J. S. ; Newton, R. U. ; Putukian, M. ; Sebastianelli, W. J. / Continuous compression as an effective therapeutic intervention in treating eccentric-exercise-induced muscle soreness. In: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 2001 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 11-23.
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Kraemer, WJ, Bush, JA, Wickham, RB, Denegar, CR, Gomez, AL, Gotshalk, LA, Duncan, ND, Volek, JS, Newton, RU, Putukian, M & Sebastianelli, WJ 2001, 'Continuous compression as an effective therapeutic intervention in treating eccentric-exercise-induced muscle soreness', Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 11-23. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.10.1.11

Continuous compression as an effective therapeutic intervention in treating eccentric-exercise-induced muscle soreness. / Kraemer, W. J.; Bush, J. A.; Wickham, R. B.; Denegar, C. R.; Gomez, A. L.; Gotshalk, L. A.; Duncan, N. D.; Volek, J. S.; Newton, R. U.; Putukian, M.; Sebastianelli, W. J.

In: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, Vol. 10, No. 1, 01.01.2001, p. 11-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Gomez, A. L.

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AU - Sebastianelli, W. J.

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N2 - Context: Prior investigations using ice, massage, or exercise have not shown efficacy in relieving delayed-onset muscle soreness. Objectives: To determine whether a compression sleeve worn immediately after maximal eccentric exercise enhances recovery. Design: Randomized, controlled clinical study. Setting: University sports medicine laboratory. Participants: Fifteen healthy, non-strength-trained men, matched for physical criteria, randomly placed in a control group or a continuous compression-sleeve group (CS). Methods and Measures: Subjects performed 2 sets of 50 arm curls. 1RM elbow flexion at 60°/s, upper-arm circumference, resting-elbow angle, serum creatine kinase (CK), and perception-of-soreness data were collected before exercise and for 3 days. Results: CK was significantly (P < .05) elevated from the baseline value in both groups, although the elevation in the CS group was less. CS prevented loss of elbow extension, decreased subjects' perception of soreness, reduced swelling, and promoted recovery of force production. Conclusions: Compression is important in soft-tissue-injury management.

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