Continuous intravenous propofol with nitrous oxide for ocular surgery. A comparison with etomidate, alfentanil, nitrous oxide and isoflurane

B. Mets, J. F. Salmon, M. F.M. James

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Abstract

Propofol, administered intravenously for induction and as a continuous maintenance anaesthetic with nitrous oxide, was compared, in a group of elderly patients scheduled for ophthalmic surgery, with an anaesthetic technique (etomidate, alfentanil, nitrous oxide and isoflurane) specifically chosen to be haemodynamically stable and evanescent in action. Both techniques resulted in similar effects on blood pressure after induction, intubation and surgical incision, but propofol did not prevent increases in heart rate as effectively at these times. Furthermore, during maintenance anaesthesia, cardiovascular stability and anaesthetic depth were more easily achieved in the group where etomidate, alfentanil and isoflurane were used. Propofol decreased intra-ocular pressure after intubation, while in both groups recovery was rapid with no significant complications. A subgroup of patients receiving α-methyldopa had significantly longer post-anaesthetic recovery times.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-526
Number of pages4
JournalSouth African Medical Journal
Volume81
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jun 29 1992

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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