Contributions of social science to agent-based models of building evacuation

B. E. Aguirre, Sherif El-Tawil, Eric Best, Kimberly B. Gill, Vladimir Fedorov

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    28 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    This paper describes the general characteristics of the agent-based models (ABM) approach to the simulation of building evacuations, and offers details of some popular computer codes for building evacuation. Contemporary ABM computer programming emphasising the characteristics of individuals and their propensities to act should be supplemented with codes informed by group-level dimensions such as norms, values, commitments to lines of action, leadership, and a sense of identification and membership in meaningful groups. The paper discusses social science considerations that need to be borne in mind when developing an ABM simulation of building evacuation in a disaster. It includes information on an ABM simulation of a disastrous incident: the fire in a US nightclub in Rhode Island in 2003. The model incorporates aspects of the physical environment in which the evacuation took place, the nature and spread of the fire and the smoke, information on individual and groups in the fire, and the impact of the density of human collectivities on the ability of individual and groups to evacuate. It concludes with seven suggestions for computer programmers developing ABM of human behaviour in building evacuation.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)415-432
    Number of pages18
    JournalContemporary Social Science
    Volume6
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 2011

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • History
    • Social Sciences(all)

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