Controllable optical response by modifying the gain and loss of a mechanical resonator and cavity mode in an optomechanical system

Yu Long Liu, Rebing Wu, Jing Zhang, Şahin Kaya Özdemir, Lan Yang, Franco Nori, Yu Xi Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We theoretically study a strongly driven optomechanical system which consists of a passive optical cavity and an active mechanical resonator. When the optomechanical coupling strength is varied, phase transitions, which are similar to those observed in PT-symmetric systems, are observed. We show that the optical transmission can be controlled by changing the gain of the mechanical resonator and loss of the optical cavity mode. Especially, we find that (i) for balanced gain and loss, optical amplification and absorption can be tuned by changing the optomechanical coupling strength through a control field; (ii) for unbalanced gain and loss, even with a tiny mechanical gain, both optomechanically induced transparency and anomalous dispersion can be observed around a critical point, which exhibits an ultralong group delay. The time delay τ can be optimized by regulating the optomechanical coupling strength through the control field, and it can be improved up to several orders of magnitude (τ∼2ms) compared to that of conventional optomechanical systems (τ∼1μs). The presence of mechanical gain makes the group delay more robust to environmental perturbations. Our proposal provides a powerful platform to control light transport using a PT-symmetric-like optomechanical system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number013843
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 27 2017

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resonators
cavities
proposals
critical point
time lag
platforms
perturbation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

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abstract = "We theoretically study a strongly driven optomechanical system which consists of a passive optical cavity and an active mechanical resonator. When the optomechanical coupling strength is varied, phase transitions, which are similar to those observed in PT-symmetric systems, are observed. We show that the optical transmission can be controlled by changing the gain of the mechanical resonator and loss of the optical cavity mode. Especially, we find that (i) for balanced gain and loss, optical amplification and absorption can be tuned by changing the optomechanical coupling strength through a control field; (ii) for unbalanced gain and loss, even with a tiny mechanical gain, both optomechanically induced transparency and anomalous dispersion can be observed around a critical point, which exhibits an ultralong group delay. The time delay τ can be optimized by regulating the optomechanical coupling strength through the control field, and it can be improved up to several orders of magnitude (τ∼2ms) compared to that of conventional optomechanical systems (τ∼1μs). The presence of mechanical gain makes the group delay more robust to environmental perturbations. Our proposal provides a powerful platform to control light transport using a PT-symmetric-like optomechanical system.",
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Controllable optical response by modifying the gain and loss of a mechanical resonator and cavity mode in an optomechanical system. / Liu, Yu Long; Wu, Rebing; Zhang, Jing; Özdemir, Şahin Kaya; Yang, Lan; Nori, Franco; Liu, Yu Xi.

In: Physical Review A, Vol. 95, No. 1, 013843, 27.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Nori, Franco

AU - Liu, Yu Xi

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