Oxidation flow reactors that use low-pressure mercury lamps to produce hydroxyl (OH) radicals are an emerging technique for studying the oxidative aging of organic aerosols. Here, ozone (O3) is photolyzed at 254 nm to produce O(1D) radicals, which react with water vapor to produce OH. However, the need to use parts-per-million levels of O3 hinders the ability of oxidation flow reactors to simulate NOx-dependent secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation pathways. Simple addition of nitric oxide (NO) results in fast conversion of NOx (NOCNO2) to nitric acid (HNO3), making it impossible to sustain NOx at levels that are sufficient to compete with hydroperoxy (HO2) radicals as a sink for organic peroxy (RO2) radicals. We developed a new method that is well suited to the characterization of NOx-dependent SOA formation pathways in oxidation flow reactors. NO and NO2 are produced via the reaction O(1D)CN2O→2NO, followed by the reaction NOCO3→NO2 CO2. Laboratory measurements coupled with photochemical model simulations suggest that O(1D)CN2O reactions can be used to systematically vary the relative branching ratio of RO2 CNO reactions relative to RO2 CHO2 and/or RO2 CRO2 reactions over a range of conditions relevant to atmospheric SOA formation. We demonstrate proof of concept using high-resolution timeof- flight chemical ionization mass spectrometer (HR-ToFCIMS) measurements with nitrate (NO-3 ) reagent ion to detect gas-phase oxidation products of isoprene and α-pinene previously observed in NOx-influenced environments and in laboratory chamber experiments.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atmospheric Science