This study explores the convection initiation (CI) of a high-impact squall line that occurred in central eastern China on 3 June 2009 based on observations and numerical modeling. The CI occurred in a scenario in which a set of intersecting gust fronts, organized in a distinct scalloped pattern, propagated toward an area of enhanced moisture produced by a near-surface convergence line. This convergence line developed in a quasi-stationary dryline zone. The dryline primed the preconvective environment by deepening the moist layer prior to the arrival of the intersecting gust fronts. The onset of CI occurred approximately 30 min after these intersecting gust fronts passed through the CI location, which was on the dry side of the dryline. Although these gust fronts acted as a strong signal for CI potential, CI did not occur along the entire length of the scalloped pattern of the intersecting gust fronts. The exact locations of the initiated convective cells were at the vertices of the scalloped pattern. An idealized simulation using a cloud model was conducted, demonstrating that the vertex regions were characterized by more favorable dynamical conditions for CI compared to the nonvertex regions along the scalloped outflow boundary. The greater CI probability over the vertex region was attributed to the greater magnitudes and larger vertical and horizontal extents of updrafts.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atmospheric Science
- Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Space and Planetary Science