Conventional- versus microwave-hydrothermal leaching of glass from sintered kaolinite to make porous mullite

Hiroaki Katsuki, Sachiko Furuta, Sridhar Komarneni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

A microwave-hydrothermal treatment with 1 and 5N-NaOH solution was used at 150°C and 190°C to dissolve excess silica glass and thus make porous mullite ceramics from a fired New Zealand kaolin honeycomb. The effect of microwave-hydrothermal (M-H) treatment time on the dissolution of the glass was examined and compared to the result of conventional-hydrothermal (C-H) treatment. As expected, the rate of the dissolution of glass was faster with M-H treatment compared to C-H treatment. The dissolution of 40-43% glass was almost complete after M-H treatment in 1N-NaOH for 6 hrs at 150°C, in 1N-NaOH for 3 hrs at 190°C, in 5N-NaOH for 1.5 hrs at 150°C, and in 5N-NaOH for 35 minutes at 190°C. When the M-H treatment in 5N-NaOH solution at 190°C was more than 45 minutes, nonporous prismatic crystals were formed on the honeycomb and these crystals decreased the specific surface area. There were no changes in the morphology of mullite whiskers or in the structure of porous mullite body after M-H treatments in NaOH solutions compared to that of C-H treatment. The M-H treatment has been shown to be a rapid technique to prepare porous mullite ceramics from fired kaolin honeycomb.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-131
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Porous Materials
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Conventional- versus microwave-hydrothermal leaching of glass from sintered kaolinite to make porous mullite'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this