Conversion of wastes into bioelectricity and chemicals by using microbial electrochemical technologies

Bruce E. Logan, Korneel Rabaey

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

948 Scopus citations

Abstract

Waste biomass is a cheap and relatively abundant source of electrons for microbes capable of producing electrical current outside the cell. Rapidly developing microbial electrochemical technologies, such as microbial fuel cells, are part of a diverse platform of future sustainable energy and chemical production technologies. We review the key advances that will enable the use of exoelectrogenic microorganisms to generate biofuels, hydrogen gas, methane, and other valuable inorganic and organic chemicals. Moreover, we examine the key challenges for implementing these systems and compare them to similar renewable energy technologies. Although commercial development is already underway in several different applications, ranging from wastewater treatment to industrial chemical production, further research is needed regarding efficiency, scalability, system lifetimes, and reliability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)686-690
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume337
Issue number6095
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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