Cooling the tip of a turbine blade using pressure side holes - Part 2: Heat transfer measurements

J. R. Christophel, K. A. Thole, F. J. Cunha

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The clearance gap between a turbine blade tip and its associated shroud allows leakage flow across the tip gap from the pressure side to the suction side of the blade. Understanding how this leakage flow affects heat transfer is critical in extending blade tip durability in terms of oxidation, erosion, clearance, and overall turbine performance. This paper is the second of a two part series that discusses the augmentation of tip heat transfer as a result of blowing from the pressure side of the tip as well as dirt purge holes placed on the tip. For the experimental investigation, three scaled-up blades were used to form a two-passage linear cascade in a low speed wind tunnel. The rig was designed to simulate different tip gap sizes and coolant flow rates. Heat transfer coefficients were quantified by measuring the total power supplied to a constant heat flux surface placed on the tip of the blade and measuring the tip temperatures. Results indicate that increased blowing leads to increased augmentations in tip heat transfer, particularly at the entrance region to the gap. When combined with adiabatic effectiveness measurements, the coolant from the pressure side holes provides an overall net heat flux reduction to the blade tip but is nearly independent of coolant flow levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages273-282
Number of pages10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004
Event2004 ASME Turbo Expo - Vienna, Austria
Duration: Jun 14 2004Jun 17 2004

Other

Other2004 ASME Turbo Expo
CountryAustria
CityVienna
Period6/14/046/17/04

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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    Christophel, J. R., Thole, K. A., & Cunha, F. J. (2004). Cooling the tip of a turbine blade using pressure side holes - Part 2: Heat transfer measurements. 273-282. Paper presented at 2004 ASME Turbo Expo, Vienna, Austria. https://doi.org/10.1115/gt2004-53254