The clearance gap between a turbine blade tip and its associated shroud allows leakage flow across the tip from the pressure side to the suction side of the blade. Understanding how this leakage flow affects heat transfer is critical in extending the durability of a blade tip, which is subjected to effects of oxidation and erosion. This paper is the second of a two-part series that discusses the augmentation of tip heat transfer coefficients as a result of blowing from film-cooling holes placed along the pressure side of a blade and from dirt purge holes placed on the tip. For the experimental investigation, three scaled-up blades were used to form a two-passage, linear cascade in a low-speed wind tunnel. The rig was designed to simulate different tip gap sizes and film-coolant flow rates. Heat transfer coefficients were quantified by using a constant heat flux surface placed along the blade tip. Results indicate that increased film-coolant injection leads to increased augmentation levels of tip heat transfer coefficients, particularly at the entrance region to the gap. Despite increased heat transfer coefficients, an overall net heat flux reduction to the blade tip results from pressure-side cooling because of the increased adiabatic effectiveness levels. The area-averaged results of the net heat flux reduction for the tip indicate that there is (i) little dependence on coolant flows and (ii) more cooling benefit for a small tip gap relative to that of a large tip gap.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanical Engineering