This paper focuses on the importance of strategic complementarities in agents’ payoff functions as a basis for macroeconomic coordination failures. Strategic complementarities arise when the optimal strategy of an agent depends positively upon the strategies of the other agents. We first analyze an abstract game and find that multiple equilibria and a multiplier process may arise when strategic complementarities are present. Often these equilibria can be Pareto ranked. We then place additional economic content on the analysis of this game by considering strategic complementarities arising from production functions, matching technologies, and commodity demand functions in a multisector, imperfectly competitive economy. C 1988 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Economics and Econometrics