Coordination of emergency response operations via the event-based awareness mechanism

Bo Yu, Guoray Cai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Emergency response involves collaboration among search and rescue workers, medical staff, transportation coordinators, and others to save human lives and minimize damages. While carrying out local activities, members of the teams must also attend to new events happening elsewhere that may affect their work, and be prepared to adjust their activities accordingly. This paper describes a computer supported coordination system, DACE (Dependency-based Awareness and Coordination Environment), which offers a scalable solution to coordination in emergency response. The system serves as a cognitive aid to human actors in both maintaining a group mental model of the overall collaborative activities and their dependencies, and determining the effects of events as they propagate through the web of dependencies. We demonstrate the principles and utility of the DACE system through a hypothetical scenario of search and rescue exercise. This work contributes to the goal of scaling up awareness-based coordination in emergency response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings - 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
PublisherSimon Fraser University
ISBN (Print)9780864913326
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012
Event9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2012 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: Apr 22 2012Apr 25 2012

Publication series

NameISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings - 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management

Other

Other9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2012
CountryCanada
CityVancouver, BC
Period4/22/124/25/12

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems

Cite this

Yu, B., & Cai, G. (2012). Coordination of emergency response operations via the event-based awareness mechanism. In ISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings - 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2012 Conference Proceedings - 9th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management). Simon Fraser University.