Coping responses to failure and success among elite athletes and performing artists

Artur Poczwardowski, David E. Conroy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This qualitative study identified and categorized the coping responses to failure and success of 16 elite athletes and performing artists. Data from individual, in-depth interviews were inductively analyzed for content and yielded 36 coping strategies (as lower-order themes). The identified strategies extended descriptive lists of coping behaviors reported in the performance psychology literature. Categories in coping-such as problem-focused, emotion-focused, appraisal-focused, avoidance-focused, and failing in coping-were used to organize the results. Cross-domain comparisons revealed a number of qualitative differences, such as "greater motivational changes after failure" being reported only by athletes and "letting ego go in an attempt to improve performance" reported only by performing artists. Cross-domain studies hold promise for clarifying the psychological aspects of performance for sport psychology consultants, whose services are increasingly invited by nonsport clients. Accounts of general, domain-specific, and individual patterns in coping behaviors can guide future research and consulting efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-329
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

Fingerprint

Psychological Adaptation
Athletes
Psychology
Ego
Consultants
Emotions
Interviews
Sports Psychology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

@article{beb380dea43a4d7e87343c91ff37def1,
title = "Coping responses to failure and success among elite athletes and performing artists",
abstract = "This qualitative study identified and categorized the coping responses to failure and success of 16 elite athletes and performing artists. Data from individual, in-depth interviews were inductively analyzed for content and yielded 36 coping strategies (as lower-order themes). The identified strategies extended descriptive lists of coping behaviors reported in the performance psychology literature. Categories in coping-such as problem-focused, emotion-focused, appraisal-focused, avoidance-focused, and failing in coping-were used to organize the results. Cross-domain comparisons revealed a number of qualitative differences, such as {"}greater motivational changes after failure{"} being reported only by athletes and {"}letting ego go in an attempt to improve performance{"} reported only by performing artists. Cross-domain studies hold promise for clarifying the psychological aspects of performance for sport psychology consultants, whose services are increasingly invited by nonsport clients. Accounts of general, domain-specific, and individual patterns in coping behaviors can guide future research and consulting efforts.",
author = "Artur Poczwardowski and Conroy, {David E.}",
year = "2002",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/10413200290103581",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
pages = "313--329",
journal = "Journal of Applied Sport Psychology",
issn = "1041-3200",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

Coping responses to failure and success among elite athletes and performing artists. / Poczwardowski, Artur; Conroy, David E.

In: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, Vol. 14, No. 4, 01.12.2002, p. 313-329.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Coping responses to failure and success among elite athletes and performing artists

AU - Poczwardowski, Artur

AU - Conroy, David E.

PY - 2002/12/1

Y1 - 2002/12/1

N2 - This qualitative study identified and categorized the coping responses to failure and success of 16 elite athletes and performing artists. Data from individual, in-depth interviews were inductively analyzed for content and yielded 36 coping strategies (as lower-order themes). The identified strategies extended descriptive lists of coping behaviors reported in the performance psychology literature. Categories in coping-such as problem-focused, emotion-focused, appraisal-focused, avoidance-focused, and failing in coping-were used to organize the results. Cross-domain comparisons revealed a number of qualitative differences, such as "greater motivational changes after failure" being reported only by athletes and "letting ego go in an attempt to improve performance" reported only by performing artists. Cross-domain studies hold promise for clarifying the psychological aspects of performance for sport psychology consultants, whose services are increasingly invited by nonsport clients. Accounts of general, domain-specific, and individual patterns in coping behaviors can guide future research and consulting efforts.

AB - This qualitative study identified and categorized the coping responses to failure and success of 16 elite athletes and performing artists. Data from individual, in-depth interviews were inductively analyzed for content and yielded 36 coping strategies (as lower-order themes). The identified strategies extended descriptive lists of coping behaviors reported in the performance psychology literature. Categories in coping-such as problem-focused, emotion-focused, appraisal-focused, avoidance-focused, and failing in coping-were used to organize the results. Cross-domain comparisons revealed a number of qualitative differences, such as "greater motivational changes after failure" being reported only by athletes and "letting ego go in an attempt to improve performance" reported only by performing artists. Cross-domain studies hold promise for clarifying the psychological aspects of performance for sport psychology consultants, whose services are increasingly invited by nonsport clients. Accounts of general, domain-specific, and individual patterns in coping behaviors can guide future research and consulting efforts.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036891065&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036891065&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/10413200290103581

DO - 10.1080/10413200290103581

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0036891065

VL - 14

SP - 313

EP - 329

JO - Journal of Applied Sport Psychology

JF - Journal of Applied Sport Psychology

SN - 1041-3200

IS - 4

ER -