Copper is emerging as a viable catalytic metal for cross-coupling reactions to construct carbon-carbon (C-C) bonds. Recent revelations that Cu-catalysts can execute with high efficacy the cross-couplings of a variety of organometallic reagents, including organomagnesium, organoboron, organosilicon, organoindium and organomanganese, with alkyl, aryl and heteroaryl halides clearly demonstrate the versatility of Cu-based catalytic systems in conducting these reactions. In addition, Cu-catalysts are exhibiting a unique reactivity pattern that allows ligandless cross-coupling for aryl-heteroaryl and heteroaryl-heteroaryl bond formation, a transformation that generally requires special custom-designed ligands with Pd-catalysts. This review summarises early discoveries and subsequent advancements made in the area of Cu-catalysed cross-couplings of organometallic reagents with organohalides to form C-C bonds.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry