An efficient CuI-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura reaction was developed for the coupling of aryl- and heteroarylboronate esters with aryl and heteroaryl iodides at low catalyst loadings (2 mol %). The reaction proceeds under ligand-free conditions for aryl-heteroaryl and heteroaryl-heteroaryl couplings. We also conducted the first detailed mechanistic studies by synthesizing [(PN-2)CuI]2, [(PN-2)CuF]2, and (PN-2)CuPh (PN-2 = o-(di-tert-butylphosphino)-N,N-dimethylaniline) and demonstrated that [(PN-2)CuF]2 is the species that undergoes transmetalation with arylboronate esters.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry