Copper current collectors reduce long-term fouling of air cathodes in microbial fuel cells

Jaewook Myung, Wulin Yang, Pascal E. Saikaly, Bruce Ernest Logan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Long-term operation of wastewater-fed, microbial fuel cells (MFCs) with cathodes made of activated carbon and stainless steel (SS) current collectors can result in decreased performance due to cathode fouling. Copper has good antimicrobial properties, and it is more electrically conductive than SS. To demonstrate that a copper current collector could produce a more fouling resistant cathode, MFCs with air cathodes using either SS or copper current collectors were operated using domestic wastewater for 27 weeks. The reduction in biofouling over time was shown by less biofilm formation on the copper cathode surface compared to SS cathodes, due to the antimicrobial properties of copper. Maximum power densities from 17-27 weeks were 440 ± 38 mW m-2 using copper and 370 ± 21 mW m-2 using SS cathodes. The main difference in the microbial community was a nitrifying community on the SS cathodes, which was not present on the copper cathodes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-519
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science: Water Research and Technology
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

Fingerprint

Microbial fuel cells
fuel cell
Fouling
fouling
Cathodes
copper
Copper
steel
air
Stainless steel
Air
wastewater
Wastewater
biofouling
Biofouling
activated carbon
biofilm
microbial community
Biofilms
Activated carbon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

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abstract = "Long-term operation of wastewater-fed, microbial fuel cells (MFCs) with cathodes made of activated carbon and stainless steel (SS) current collectors can result in decreased performance due to cathode fouling. Copper has good antimicrobial properties, and it is more electrically conductive than SS. To demonstrate that a copper current collector could produce a more fouling resistant cathode, MFCs with air cathodes using either SS or copper current collectors were operated using domestic wastewater for 27 weeks. The reduction in biofouling over time was shown by less biofilm formation on the copper cathode surface compared to SS cathodes, due to the antimicrobial properties of copper. Maximum power densities from 17-27 weeks were 440 ± 38 mW m-2 using copper and 370 ± 21 mW m-2 using SS cathodes. The main difference in the microbial community was a nitrifying community on the SS cathodes, which was not present on the copper cathodes.",
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Copper current collectors reduce long-term fouling of air cathodes in microbial fuel cells. / Myung, Jaewook; Yang, Wulin; Saikaly, Pascal E.; Logan, Bruce Ernest.

In: Environmental Science: Water Research and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 4, 01.04.2018, p. 513-519.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Logan, Bruce Ernest

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