Objective: To investigate corneal graft survival rates and intraocular pressure (IOP) control in eyes after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and glaucoma drainage device (GDD) implantation.Design: Retrospective, comparative, consecutive case series. Participants: All patients who underwent PK and GDD implantation at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute between January 1, 1993 and October 31, 1998. Main Outcome Measures: Graft clarity and IOP control. Results: Of the 72 eyes in 72 patients identified, 47 (65%) underwent combined PK and GDD implantation, and 25 (35%) underwent GDD placement after PK (2-30 months after PK; median, 13 months). The GDD type was Baerveldt 350 mm2 in 57 eyes, Ahmed in 9, Krupin in 2, and other in 4 eyes. The GDD was placed in the anterior chamber in 54 eyes (75%) and in the vitreous cavity in 18 eyes (25%). Preoperative IOP was 11 to 53 mmHg with or without antiglaucoma medications in 16 eyes (30%) with the GDD implanted in the anterior chamber and in 4 eyes (22%) with the GDD placed in the vitreous cavity (P = 0.76). At 1 year after GDD implantation, the graft was clear in 26 eyes (48%) with the GDD in the anterior chamber compared with 15 eyes (83%) with the GDD in the vitreous cavity (P = 0.013). Forty-eight eyes (89%) with the GDD in the anterior chamber and 18 eyes (100%) with the GDD in the vitreous cavity had lOP between 5 and 21 mmHg with or without antiglaucoma medications (P = 0.33). The mean reduction in IOP, 1 year after surgery, was 12 mmHg among eyes with the GDD in the anterior chamber, compared with 17 mmHg among eyes with the GDD in the vitreous cavity (P = 0.13) Conclusions: Corneal graft survival at 1 year is significantly higher among eyes with the GDD implanted in the vitreous cavity compared with those in which the GDD is implanted in the anterior chamber. The IOP was significantly lower at 1 year after surgery compared with before surgery in both groups, and there was no significant difference between the groups in lOP control and amount of lOP reduction. There was no significant difference in corneal graft survival or lOP control between eyes with the GDD implanted concurrently with the PK versus after the PK.
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