This paper examines the relation between corporate takeovers and the board of directors as alternative control mechanisms to discipline top management. Previous research shows that CEO turnover subsequent to corporate takeovers is inversely related to pre-takeover market-related performance. We find this relation is concentrated in targets with inside-dominated boards of directors. Our results support the notion that, as an alternative control device, takeovers serve as a "substitute" for outside directors. Further, we show that the discipline associated with corporate takeovers extends beyond top management to effect restructuring of the entire board. The nature of the discipline depends on the composition of the target board prior to the takeover. Disciplinary takeovers result in two general effects: (1) for inside-dominated targets, the number of inside directorships decreases while the number of outside directorships remains about the same; and (2) for outside-dominated boards, the number of inside directorships increases while the number of outside directorships decreases. As a result, the board is recomposed toward a more even balance between inside and outside directorships.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Business and International Management
- Economics and Econometrics
- Strategy and Management