Laser-based directed energy deposition (LDED) additive manufacturing of Ni-rich NiTi shape memory alloys was shown to produce inhomogeneous precipitate morphologies and characteristic grain structures consisting of columnar grains coexisting with equiaxed and subgrain structures. Post-processing solutionizing and aging heat treatments impacted microstructure and martensitic phase transformation (MT) responses underpinning superelastic shape memory responses. A solution treatment of 950 °C for 24 h was found to produce a uniform composition of the B2 austenite parent phase without affecting the coexistence of columnar and equiaxed substructures. Aging the solution treated material brought about a spatially uniform Ni4Ti3 precipitate morphology. Due to the uniform morphology, an underlying austenite-martensite interface motion accompanies the compressive stress-induced MT (SIMT). Reversible interface motion underpinned the compressive superelastic response for the solutionized and aged condition. On the other hand, strain concentrations existed at different spatial locations in the as built condition as well as when the as built material was aged. The stark contrasts in the SIMT exposed precipitate morphology as a controlling factor in tailoring the superelastic response of Ni-rich NiTi SMAs fabricated by LDED.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry