Correlating microstructure and superelasticity of directed energy deposition additive manufactured Ni-rich NiTi alloys

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Abstract

Laser-based directed energy deposition (LDED) additive manufacturing of Ni-rich NiTi shape memory alloys was shown to produce inhomogeneous precipitate morphologies and characteristic grain structures consisting of columnar grains coexisting with equiaxed and subgrain structures. Post-processing solutionizing and aging heat treatments impacted microstructure and martensitic phase transformation (MT) responses underpinning superelastic shape memory responses. A solution treatment of 950 °C for 24 h was found to produce a uniform composition of the B2 austenite parent phase without affecting the coexistence of columnar and equiaxed substructures. Aging the solution treated material brought about a spatially uniform Ni4Ti3 precipitate morphology. Due to the uniform morphology, an underlying austenite-martensite interface motion accompanies the compressive stress-induced MT (SIMT). Reversible interface motion underpinned the compressive superelastic response for the solutionized and aged condition. On the other hand, strain concentrations existed at different spatial locations in the as built condition as well as when the as built material was aged. The stark contrasts in the SIMT exposed precipitate morphology as a controlling factor in tailoring the superelastic response of Ni-rich NiTi SMAs fabricated by LDED.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)712-722
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume739
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 30 2018

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Precipitates
Microstructure
Shape memory effect
Austenite
3D printers
Aging of materials
Phase transitions
Lasers
Crystal microstructure
Compressive stress
Martensite
Heat treatment
Processing
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Correlating microstructure and superelasticity of directed energy deposition additive manufactured Ni-rich NiTi alloys",
abstract = "Laser-based directed energy deposition (LDED) additive manufacturing of Ni-rich NiTi shape memory alloys was shown to produce inhomogeneous precipitate morphologies and characteristic grain structures consisting of columnar grains coexisting with equiaxed and subgrain structures. Post-processing solutionizing and aging heat treatments impacted microstructure and martensitic phase transformation (MT) responses underpinning superelastic shape memory responses. A solution treatment of 950 °C for 24 h was found to produce a uniform composition of the B2 austenite parent phase without affecting the coexistence of columnar and equiaxed substructures. Aging the solution treated material brought about a spatially uniform Ni4Ti3 precipitate morphology. Due to the uniform morphology, an underlying austenite-martensite interface motion accompanies the compressive stress-induced MT (SIMT). Reversible interface motion underpinned the compressive superelastic response for the solutionized and aged condition. On the other hand, strain concentrations existed at different spatial locations in the as built condition as well as when the as built material was aged. The stark contrasts in the SIMT exposed precipitate morphology as a controlling factor in tailoring the superelastic response of Ni-rich NiTi SMAs fabricated by LDED.",
author = "Hamilton, {Reginald Felix} and Bimber, {Beth A.} and Todd Palmer",
year = "2018",
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doi = "10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.12.270",
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T1 - Correlating microstructure and superelasticity of directed energy deposition additive manufactured Ni-rich NiTi alloys

AU - Hamilton, Reginald Felix

AU - Bimber, Beth A.

AU - Palmer, Todd

PY - 2018/3/30

Y1 - 2018/3/30

N2 - Laser-based directed energy deposition (LDED) additive manufacturing of Ni-rich NiTi shape memory alloys was shown to produce inhomogeneous precipitate morphologies and characteristic grain structures consisting of columnar grains coexisting with equiaxed and subgrain structures. Post-processing solutionizing and aging heat treatments impacted microstructure and martensitic phase transformation (MT) responses underpinning superelastic shape memory responses. A solution treatment of 950 °C for 24 h was found to produce a uniform composition of the B2 austenite parent phase without affecting the coexistence of columnar and equiaxed substructures. Aging the solution treated material brought about a spatially uniform Ni4Ti3 precipitate morphology. Due to the uniform morphology, an underlying austenite-martensite interface motion accompanies the compressive stress-induced MT (SIMT). Reversible interface motion underpinned the compressive superelastic response for the solutionized and aged condition. On the other hand, strain concentrations existed at different spatial locations in the as built condition as well as when the as built material was aged. The stark contrasts in the SIMT exposed precipitate morphology as a controlling factor in tailoring the superelastic response of Ni-rich NiTi SMAs fabricated by LDED.

AB - Laser-based directed energy deposition (LDED) additive manufacturing of Ni-rich NiTi shape memory alloys was shown to produce inhomogeneous precipitate morphologies and characteristic grain structures consisting of columnar grains coexisting with equiaxed and subgrain structures. Post-processing solutionizing and aging heat treatments impacted microstructure and martensitic phase transformation (MT) responses underpinning superelastic shape memory responses. A solution treatment of 950 °C for 24 h was found to produce a uniform composition of the B2 austenite parent phase without affecting the coexistence of columnar and equiaxed substructures. Aging the solution treated material brought about a spatially uniform Ni4Ti3 precipitate morphology. Due to the uniform morphology, an underlying austenite-martensite interface motion accompanies the compressive stress-induced MT (SIMT). Reversible interface motion underpinned the compressive superelastic response for the solutionized and aged condition. On the other hand, strain concentrations existed at different spatial locations in the as built condition as well as when the as built material was aged. The stark contrasts in the SIMT exposed precipitate morphology as a controlling factor in tailoring the superelastic response of Ni-rich NiTi SMAs fabricated by LDED.

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