We present a 2.5σ detection of the Integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) effect and discuss the constraints it places on cosmological parameters. We cross correlate microwave temperature maps from the Wilkinson microwave anisotropy probe (WMAP) satellite with a 4000deg 2 luminous red galaxy (LRG) overdensity map measured by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. These galaxies have accurate photometric redshifts (Δz∼0.03) and an approximately volume limited redshift distribution from z∼0.2 to z∼0.6 well suited to detecting the ISW effect. Accurate photometric redshifts allow us to perform a reliable autocorrelation analysis of the LRGs, eliminating the uncertainty in the galaxy bias, and combined with the cross correlation signal, constrains cosmological parameters-in particular, the matter density. We use a minimum-variance power spectrum estimator that optimally weights the data according to expected theoretical templates. We find a 2.5σ signal in the Ka, Q, V, and W WMAP bands, after combining the information from multipoles 2≤l<400. This is consistent with the expected amplitude of the ISW effect but requires a lower matter density than is usually assumed: the amplitude, parametrized by the galaxy bias assuming ΩM=0.3, ΩΛ=0.7, and σ8=0.9, is bg=4.05±1.54 for V band, with similar results for the other bands. This should be compared to bg=1.82±0.02 from the autocorrelation analysis. These data provide only a weak confirmation (2.5σ) of dark energy but provide a significant upper limit: ΩΛ=0.80-0.06+0.03(1σ)-0.19+0.05(2σ), assuming a cosmology with ΩM+ΩΛ=1, Ωb=0.05, σ8=0.9, and w=-1. The weak cross correlation signal rules out low matter density/high dark energy density universes and, in combination with other data, strongly constrains models with w<-1.3. We provide a simple prescription to incorporate these constraints into cosmological parameter estimation methods for (ΩM,σ8,w). We find no evidence for a systematic contamination of ISW signal, either from galactic or extragalactic sources, but we do detect some large statistical fluctuations on smaller scales that could affect analyses without the template weighting.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology|
|State||Published - Aug 15 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)