Phosphatidylcholine labeling was studied in freshly isolated adult rat alveolar type II epithelial cells exposed to dexamethasone and epidermal growth factor. Dexamethasone at a medium concentration of 10-8m, enhanced phosphatidylcholine labeling in type II cells by about 25%. In lung fibroblast controls, dexamethasone had no effect. Phosphatidylcholine secretion into the culture medium was not observed in either cell type. Quantitation of dexamethasone receptors revealed a twofold greater number of receptors in type II cells than in control fibroblasts. In contrast, the addition of epidermal growth factor to the medium of type II cells or lung fibroblasts had no effect on phosphatidylcholine labeling or secretion into culture medium. Lung fibroblasts were found to have 11-fold more surface receptors for epidermal growth factor than isolated type II cells. These results indicate that dexamethasone significantly increases phosphatidylcholine synthesis in type II cells and thus, may also effect the production of surfactant by these cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology