Correlation of albumin production rates and albumin mRNA levels in livers of normal, diabetic, and insulin-treated diabetic rats

D. E. Peavy, J. M. Taylor, Leonard "Jim" Jefferson

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Abstract

We have studied the effects of alloxan-induced diabetes and subsequent insulin replacement on albumin and total hepatic protein synthesis. Diabetes resulted in a reduction to approximately 20% of normal in albumin synthesis relative to the rate of total protein synthesis in vivo and a reduction to 10% in the absolute rate of albumin secretion by perfused livers. In contrast, the synthesis of total secretory protein and retained hepatic protein was affected to a lesser extent by diabetes. Treatment of diabetic rats with insulin restored rates of albumin and total hepatic protein synthesis to normal levels. The molecular basis of these alterations in albumin synthesis was investigated by examining albumin mRNA levels in livers of normal, diabetic, and insulin-treated diabetic animals. The level of albumin mRNA, whether assayed by cell-free translation or by hybridization to a specific complementary DNA probe, was markedly decreased in livers of diabetic animals and was restored to normal by insulin treatment. These changes occurred in parallel with change in the rates of albumin secretion observed in perfused liver, suggesting that albumin mRNA content is the primary factor responsible for altering rates of albumin synthesis under these conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5879-5883
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume75
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1978

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Albumins
Insulin
Messenger RNA
Liver
Proteins
Experimental Diabetes Mellitus
DNA Probes
Complementary DNA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

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abstract = "We have studied the effects of alloxan-induced diabetes and subsequent insulin replacement on albumin and total hepatic protein synthesis. Diabetes resulted in a reduction to approximately 20{\%} of normal in albumin synthesis relative to the rate of total protein synthesis in vivo and a reduction to 10{\%} in the absolute rate of albumin secretion by perfused livers. In contrast, the synthesis of total secretory protein and retained hepatic protein was affected to a lesser extent by diabetes. Treatment of diabetic rats with insulin restored rates of albumin and total hepatic protein synthesis to normal levels. The molecular basis of these alterations in albumin synthesis was investigated by examining albumin mRNA levels in livers of normal, diabetic, and insulin-treated diabetic animals. The level of albumin mRNA, whether assayed by cell-free translation or by hybridization to a specific complementary DNA probe, was markedly decreased in livers of diabetic animals and was restored to normal by insulin treatment. These changes occurred in parallel with change in the rates of albumin secretion observed in perfused liver, suggesting that albumin mRNA content is the primary factor responsible for altering rates of albumin synthesis under these conditions.",
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N2 - We have studied the effects of alloxan-induced diabetes and subsequent insulin replacement on albumin and total hepatic protein synthesis. Diabetes resulted in a reduction to approximately 20% of normal in albumin synthesis relative to the rate of total protein synthesis in vivo and a reduction to 10% in the absolute rate of albumin secretion by perfused livers. In contrast, the synthesis of total secretory protein and retained hepatic protein was affected to a lesser extent by diabetes. Treatment of diabetic rats with insulin restored rates of albumin and total hepatic protein synthesis to normal levels. The molecular basis of these alterations in albumin synthesis was investigated by examining albumin mRNA levels in livers of normal, diabetic, and insulin-treated diabetic animals. The level of albumin mRNA, whether assayed by cell-free translation or by hybridization to a specific complementary DNA probe, was markedly decreased in livers of diabetic animals and was restored to normal by insulin treatment. These changes occurred in parallel with change in the rates of albumin secretion observed in perfused liver, suggesting that albumin mRNA content is the primary factor responsible for altering rates of albumin synthesis under these conditions.

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