Classically in neurology, aphasia and neglect were accepted as reliable markers of cortical lesions. The actual prognostic values of aphasia and neglect have yet to be formally tested. This analysis sought to determine the predictive accuracy of aphasia and/or neglect in acute stroke for cortical infarction. Data from the RANTTAS investigation of tirilazad mesylate in stroke patients were reanalyzed, comparing acute National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) measures of aphasia and neglect to lesion location on day 7-10 CT scans. Correlations between the presence of aphasia and/or neglect and the presence of a cortical lesion were only in the moderate range, and positive predictive values were far from perfect, as would be expected. 'Subcortical' aphasia or neglect was more likely in large, subcortical lesions. Aphasia and neglect, as determined in the acute setting by the NIHSS, are only moderately associated with cortical infarct identified on follow-up CT scans. If selective neuroprotein is envisioned for acute stroke patients, more accurate markers of cortical infarction may be needed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine