Corrosion of carbon steels in H2S-containing alkaline brines

Ruishu Feng, Justin Beck, Rosemary Cianni, Serguei Lvov, Margaret Ziomek-Moroz

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to study the effect of sour gas (H2S) on the corrosion of high strength drilling steels, in-situ electrochemical measurements were conducted on ultra-high strength low alloy (UHSLA) carbon steels in alkaline brine conditions (pH 7.4 to 12.3) at 85 °C. Electrochemical methods included Linear Polarization Resistance (LPR), Electrochemical Frequency Modulation (EFM), and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). After the corrosion tests, the surfaces were analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with Energy-dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS) to characterize the corrosion products. The speciation in H2S-H2CO3-H2O systems at different pH at 85°C was calculated. At PH2S= 0.83 kPa (0.12 psi) and 69 kPa (10 psi), the corrosion rates measured at steady state increased from 0.05 mm/y to 0.2∼0.4 mm/y when pH increased from 7.4 to 10.5, and then decreased to 0.01 mm/y at pH 12.3. The highest corrosion rate occurring at pH 10.5 was suspected to be related with increased pitting corrosion that enlarged the corroded surface area. The lowest corrosion rate at pH 12.3 could be attributed to the suppressed cathodic reaction at high pH. EIS showed that the impedance generally increased with time then reached the steady state. This could be related to the formation of corrosion product layers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNACE - International Corrosion Conference Series
Volume2015-January
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
EventCorrosion 2015: Collaborate. Educate. Innovate. Mitigate. - Dallas, United States
Duration: Mar 15 2015Mar 19 2015

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Brines
Carbon steel
Corrosion
Corrosion rate
Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Sour gas
Steel
Alloy steel
Frequency modulation
Pitting
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Drilling
Polarization
Scanning electron microscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Feng, Ruishu ; Beck, Justin ; Cianni, Rosemary ; Lvov, Serguei ; Ziomek-Moroz, Margaret. / Corrosion of carbon steels in H2S-containing alkaline brines. In: NACE - International Corrosion Conference Series. 2015 ; Vol. 2015-January.
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abstract = "In order to study the effect of sour gas (H2S) on the corrosion of high strength drilling steels, in-situ electrochemical measurements were conducted on ultra-high strength low alloy (UHSLA) carbon steels in alkaline brine conditions (pH 7.4 to 12.3) at 85 °C. Electrochemical methods included Linear Polarization Resistance (LPR), Electrochemical Frequency Modulation (EFM), and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). After the corrosion tests, the surfaces were analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with Energy-dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS) to characterize the corrosion products. The speciation in H2S-H2CO3-H2O systems at different pH at 85°C was calculated. At PH2S= 0.83 kPa (0.12 psi) and 69 kPa (10 psi), the corrosion rates measured at steady state increased from 0.05 mm/y to 0.2∼0.4 mm/y when pH increased from 7.4 to 10.5, and then decreased to 0.01 mm/y at pH 12.3. The highest corrosion rate occurring at pH 10.5 was suspected to be related with increased pitting corrosion that enlarged the corroded surface area. The lowest corrosion rate at pH 12.3 could be attributed to the suppressed cathodic reaction at high pH. EIS showed that the impedance generally increased with time then reached the steady state. This could be related to the formation of corrosion product layers.",
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Corrosion of carbon steels in H2S-containing alkaline brines. / Feng, Ruishu; Beck, Justin; Cianni, Rosemary; Lvov, Serguei; Ziomek-Moroz, Margaret.

In: NACE - International Corrosion Conference Series, Vol. 2015-January, 01.01.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Corrosion of carbon steels in H2S-containing alkaline brines

AU - Feng, Ruishu

AU - Beck, Justin

AU - Cianni, Rosemary

AU - Lvov, Serguei

AU - Ziomek-Moroz, Margaret

PY - 2015/1/1

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N2 - In order to study the effect of sour gas (H2S) on the corrosion of high strength drilling steels, in-situ electrochemical measurements were conducted on ultra-high strength low alloy (UHSLA) carbon steels in alkaline brine conditions (pH 7.4 to 12.3) at 85 °C. Electrochemical methods included Linear Polarization Resistance (LPR), Electrochemical Frequency Modulation (EFM), and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). After the corrosion tests, the surfaces were analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with Energy-dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS) to characterize the corrosion products. The speciation in H2S-H2CO3-H2O systems at different pH at 85°C was calculated. At PH2S= 0.83 kPa (0.12 psi) and 69 kPa (10 psi), the corrosion rates measured at steady state increased from 0.05 mm/y to 0.2∼0.4 mm/y when pH increased from 7.4 to 10.5, and then decreased to 0.01 mm/y at pH 12.3. The highest corrosion rate occurring at pH 10.5 was suspected to be related with increased pitting corrosion that enlarged the corroded surface area. The lowest corrosion rate at pH 12.3 could be attributed to the suppressed cathodic reaction at high pH. EIS showed that the impedance generally increased with time then reached the steady state. This could be related to the formation of corrosion product layers.

AB - In order to study the effect of sour gas (H2S) on the corrosion of high strength drilling steels, in-situ electrochemical measurements were conducted on ultra-high strength low alloy (UHSLA) carbon steels in alkaline brine conditions (pH 7.4 to 12.3) at 85 °C. Electrochemical methods included Linear Polarization Resistance (LPR), Electrochemical Frequency Modulation (EFM), and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). After the corrosion tests, the surfaces were analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with Energy-dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS) to characterize the corrosion products. The speciation in H2S-H2CO3-H2O systems at different pH at 85°C was calculated. At PH2S= 0.83 kPa (0.12 psi) and 69 kPa (10 psi), the corrosion rates measured at steady state increased from 0.05 mm/y to 0.2∼0.4 mm/y when pH increased from 7.4 to 10.5, and then decreased to 0.01 mm/y at pH 12.3. The highest corrosion rate occurring at pH 10.5 was suspected to be related with increased pitting corrosion that enlarged the corroded surface area. The lowest corrosion rate at pH 12.3 could be attributed to the suppressed cathodic reaction at high pH. EIS showed that the impedance generally increased with time then reached the steady state. This could be related to the formation of corrosion product layers.

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