Cosmic ray composition and energy spectrum from 1-30 PeV using the 40-string configuration of IceTop and IceCube

R. Abbasi, Y. Abdou, M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, D. Altmann, K. Andeen, J. Auffenberg, X. Bai, M. Baker, S. W. Barwick, V. Baum, R. Bay, K. Beattie, J. J. Beatty, S. Bechet, J. K. Becker, K. H. Becker, M. Bell & 253 others M. L. Benabderrahmane, S. Benzvi, J. Berdermann, P. Berghaus, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, D. Bertrand, D. Z. Besson, D. Bindig, M. Bissok, E. Blaufuss, J. Blumenthal, D. J. Boersma, C. Bohm, D. Bose, S. Böser, O. Botner, L. Brayeur, A. M. Brown, R. Bruijn, J. Brunner, S. Buitink, K. S. Caballero-Mora, M. Carson, J. Casey, M. Casier, D. Chirkin, B. Christy, F. Clevermann, S. Cohen, Douglas Cowen, A. H.Cruz Silva, M. Danninger, J. Daughhetee, J. C. Davis, C. De Clercq, F. Descamps, P. Desiati, G. De Vries-Uiterweerd, T. Deyoung, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, J. Dreyer, J. P. Dumm, M. Dunkman, R. Eagan, J. Eisch, R. W. Ellsworth, O. Engdegård, S. Euler, P. A. Evenson, O. Fadiran, A. R. Fazely, A. Fedynitch, J. Feintzeig, T. Feusels, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, T. Fischer-Wasels, S. Flis, A. Franckowiak, R. Franke, K. Frantzen, T. Fuchs, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, L. Gerhardt, L. Gladstone, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, J. A. Goodman, D. Góra, D. Grant, A. Groß, S. Grullon, M. Gurtner, C. Ha, A. Haj Ismail, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Hanson, D. Heereman, P. Heimann, D. Heinen, K. Helbing, R. Hellauer, S. Hickford, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, R. Hoffmann, A. Homeier, K. Hoshina, W. Huelsnitz, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hussain, A. Ishihara, E. Jacobi, J. Jacobsen, G. S. Japaridze, O. Jlelati, H. Johansson, A. Kappes, T. Karg, A. Karle, J. Kiryluk, F. Kislat, J. Kläs, S. R. Klein, J. H. Köhne, G. Kohnen, H. Kolanoski, L. Köpke, C. Kopper, S. Kopper, D. J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, M. Krasberg, G. Kroll, J. Kunnen, N. Kurahashi, T. Kuwabara, M. Labare, K. Laihem, H. Landsman, M. J. Larson, R. Lauer, M. Lesiak-Bzdak, J. Lünemann, J. Madsen, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, H. S. Matis, F. McNally, K. Meagher, M. Merck, Peter Istvan Meszaros, T. Meures, S. Miarecki, E. Middell, N. Milke, J. Miller, L. Mohrmann, T. Montaruli, R. Morse, S. M. Movit, R. Nahnhauer, U. Naumann, S. C. Nowicki, D. R. Nygren, A. Obertacke, S. Odrowski, A. Olivas, M. Olivo, A. O'Murchadha, S. Panknin, L. Paul, J. A. Pepper, C. Pérez De Los Heros, D. Pieloth, N. Pirk, J. Posselt, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, L. Rädel, K. Rawlins, P. Redl, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Ribordy, M. Richman, B. Riedel, J. P. Rodrigues, F. Rothmaier, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, D. Rutledge, B. Ruzybayev, D. Ryckbosch, T. Salameh, H. G. Sander, M. Santander, S. Sarkar, S. M. Saba, K. Schatto, M. Scheel, F. Scheriau, T. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schoenen, S. Schöneberg, L. Schönherr, A. Schönwald, A. Schukraft, L. Schulte, O. Schulz, D. Seckel, S. H. Seo, Y. Sestayo, S. Seunarine, M. W.E. Smith, M. Soiron, D. Soldin, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, M. Stamatikos, T. Stanev, A. Stasik, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, A. Stößl, E. A. Strahler, R. Ström, G. W. Sullivan, H. Taavola, I. Taboada, A. Tamburro, S. Ter-Antonyan, S. Tilav, P. A. Toale, S. Toscano, M. Usner, N. Van Eijndhoven, D. Van Der Drift, A. Van Overloop, J. Van Santen, M. Vehring, M. Voge, C. Walck, T. Waldenmaier, M. Wallraff, M. Walter, R. Wasserman, Ch Weaver, C. Wendt, S. Westerhoff, N. Whitehorn, K. Wiebe, C. H. Wiebusch, D. R. Williams, H. Wissing, M. Wolf, T. R. Wood, K. Woschnagg, C. Xu, D. L. Xu, X. W. Xu, J. P. Yanez, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida, P. Zarzhitsky, J. Ziemann, A. Zilles, M. Zoll

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Abstract

The mass composition of high energy cosmic rays depends on their production, acceleration, and propagation. The study of cosmic ray composition can therefore reveal hints of the origin of these particles. At the South Pole, the IceCube Neutrino Observatory is capable of measuring two components of cosmic ray air showers in coincidence: the electromagnetic component at high altitude (2835 m) using the IceTop surface array, and the muonic component above ∼1 TeV using the IceCube array. This unique detector arrangement provides an opportunity for precision measurements of the cosmic ray energy spectrum and composition in the region of the knee and beyond. We present the results of a neural network analysis technique to study the cosmic ray composition and the energy spectrum from 1 PeV to 30 PeV using data recorded using the 40-string/40-station configuration of the IceCube Neutrino Observatory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-32
Number of pages18
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume42
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 16 2013

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cosmic rays
energy spectra
strings
configurations
observatories
neutrinos
network analysis
cosmic ray showers
high altitude
poles
stations
electromagnetism
propagation
detectors
energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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Abbasi, R. ; Abdou, Y. ; Ackermann, M. ; Adams, J. ; Aguilar, J. A. ; Ahlers, M. ; Altmann, D. ; Andeen, K. ; Auffenberg, J. ; Bai, X. ; Baker, M. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Baum, V. ; Bay, R. ; Beattie, K. ; Beatty, J. J. ; Bechet, S. ; Becker, J. K. ; Becker, K. H. ; Bell, M. ; Benabderrahmane, M. L. ; Benzvi, S. ; Berdermann, J. ; Berghaus, P. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bertrand, D. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Bindig, D. ; Bissok, M. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Blumenthal, J. ; Boersma, D. J. ; Bohm, C. ; Bose, D. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Brayeur, L. ; Brown, A. M. ; Bruijn, R. ; Brunner, J. ; Buitink, S. ; Caballero-Mora, K. S. ; Carson, M. ; Casey, J. ; Casier, M. ; Chirkin, D. ; Christy, B. ; Clevermann, F. ; Cohen, S. ; Cowen, Douglas ; Silva, A. H.Cruz ; Danninger, M. ; Daughhetee, J. ; Davis, J. C. ; De Clercq, C. ; Descamps, F. ; Desiati, P. ; De Vries-Uiterweerd, G. ; Deyoung, T. ; Díaz-Vélez, J. C. ; Dreyer, J. ; Dumm, J. P. ; Dunkman, M. ; Eagan, R. ; Eisch, J. ; Ellsworth, R. W. ; Engdegård, O. ; Euler, S. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fadiran, O. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Fedynitch, A. ; Feintzeig, J. ; Feusels, T. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finley, C. ; Fischer-Wasels, T. ; Flis, S. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Franke, R. ; Frantzen, K. ; Fuchs, T. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Gladstone, L. ; Glüsenkamp, T. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Góra, D. ; Grant, D. ; Groß, A. ; Grullon, S. ; Gurtner, M. ; Ha, C. ; Ismail, A. Haj ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Hanson, K. ; Heereman, D. ; Heimann, P. ; Heinen, D. ; Helbing, K. ; Hellauer, R. ; Hickford, S. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hoffman, K. D. ; Hoffmann, R. ; Homeier, A. ; Hoshina, K. ; Huelsnitz, W. ; Hulth, P. O. ; Hultqvist, K. ; Hussain, S. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobi, E. ; Jacobsen, J. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Jlelati, O. ; Johansson, H. ; Kappes, A. ; Karg, T. ; Karle, A. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kislat, F. ; Kläs, J. ; Klein, S. R. ; Köhne, J. H. ; Kohnen, G. ; Kolanoski, H. ; Köpke, L. ; Kopper, C. ; Kopper, S. ; Koskinen, D. J. ; Kowalski, M. ; Krasberg, M. ; Kroll, G. ; Kunnen, J. ; Kurahashi, N. ; Kuwabara, T. ; Labare, M. ; Laihem, K. ; Landsman, H. ; Larson, M. J. ; Lauer, R. ; Lesiak-Bzdak, M. ; Lünemann, J. ; Madsen, J. ; Maruyama, R. ; Mase, K. ; Matis, H. S. ; McNally, F. ; Meagher, K. ; Merck, M. ; Meszaros, Peter Istvan ; Meures, T. ; Miarecki, S. ; Middell, E. ; Milke, N. ; Miller, J. ; Mohrmann, L. ; Montaruli, T. ; Morse, R. ; Movit, S. M. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Naumann, U. ; Nowicki, S. C. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Obertacke, A. ; Odrowski, S. ; Olivas, A. ; Olivo, M. ; O'Murchadha, A. ; Panknin, S. ; Paul, L. ; Pepper, J. A. ; De Los Heros, C. Pérez ; Pieloth, D. ; Pirk, N. ; Posselt, J. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Rädel, L. ; Rawlins, K. ; Redl, P. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Ribordy, M. ; Richman, M. ; Riedel, B. ; Rodrigues, J. P. ; Rothmaier, F. ; Rott, C. ; Ruhe, T. ; Rutledge, D. ; Ruzybayev, B. ; Ryckbosch, D. ; Salameh, T. ; Sander, H. G. ; Santander, M. ; Sarkar, S. ; Saba, S. M. ; Schatto, K. ; Scheel, M. ; Scheriau, F. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schmitz, M. ; Schoenen, S. ; Schöneberg, S. ; Schönherr, L. ; Schönwald, A. ; Schukraft, A. ; Schulte, L. ; Schulz, O. ; Seckel, D. ; Seo, S. H. ; Sestayo, Y. ; Seunarine, S. ; Smith, M. W.E. ; Soiron, M. ; Soldin, D. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stamatikos, M. ; Stanev, T. ; Stasik, A. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Stößl, A. ; Strahler, E. A. ; Ström, R. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Taavola, H. ; Taboada, I. ; Tamburro, A. ; Ter-Antonyan, S. ; Tilav, S. ; Toale, P. A. ; Toscano, S. ; Usner, M. ; Van Eijndhoven, N. ; Van Der Drift, D. ; Van Overloop, A. ; Van Santen, J. ; Vehring, M. ; Voge, M. ; Walck, C. ; Waldenmaier, T. ; Wallraff, M. ; Walter, M. ; Wasserman, R. ; Weaver, Ch ; Wendt, C. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Whitehorn, N. ; Wiebe, K. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Williams, D. R. ; Wissing, H. ; Wolf, M. ; Wood, T. R. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Xu, C. ; Xu, D. L. ; Xu, X. W. ; Yanez, J. P. ; Yodh, G. ; Yoshida, S. ; Zarzhitsky, P. ; Ziemann, J. ; Zilles, A. ; Zoll, M. / Cosmic ray composition and energy spectrum from 1-30 PeV using the 40-string configuration of IceTop and IceCube. In: Astroparticle Physics. 2013 ; Vol. 42. pp. 15-32.
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title = "Cosmic ray composition and energy spectrum from 1-30 PeV using the 40-string configuration of IceTop and IceCube",
abstract = "The mass composition of high energy cosmic rays depends on their production, acceleration, and propagation. The study of cosmic ray composition can therefore reveal hints of the origin of these particles. At the South Pole, the IceCube Neutrino Observatory is capable of measuring two components of cosmic ray air showers in coincidence: the electromagnetic component at high altitude (2835 m) using the IceTop surface array, and the muonic component above ∼1 TeV using the IceCube array. This unique detector arrangement provides an opportunity for precision measurements of the cosmic ray energy spectrum and composition in the region of the knee and beyond. We present the results of a neural network analysis technique to study the cosmic ray composition and the energy spectrum from 1 PeV to 30 PeV using data recorded using the 40-string/40-station configuration of the IceCube Neutrino Observatory.",
author = "R. Abbasi and Y. Abdou and M. Ackermann and J. Adams and Aguilar, {J. A.} and M. Ahlers and D. Altmann and K. Andeen and J. Auffenberg and X. Bai and M. Baker and Barwick, {S. W.} and V. Baum and R. Bay and K. Beattie and Beatty, {J. J.} and S. Bechet and Becker, {J. K.} and Becker, {K. H.} and M. Bell and Benabderrahmane, {M. L.} and S. Benzvi and J. Berdermann and P. Berghaus and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and D. Bertrand and Besson, {D. Z.} and D. Bindig and M. Bissok and E. Blaufuss and J. Blumenthal and Boersma, {D. J.} and C. Bohm and D. Bose and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and L. Brayeur and Brown, {A. M.} and R. Bruijn and J. Brunner and S. Buitink and Caballero-Mora, {K. S.} and M. Carson and J. Casey and M. Casier and D. Chirkin and B. Christy and F. Clevermann and S. Cohen and Douglas Cowen and Silva, {A. H.Cruz} and M. Danninger and J. Daughhetee and Davis, {J. C.} and {De Clercq}, C. and F. Descamps and P. Desiati and {De Vries-Uiterweerd}, G. and T. Deyoung and D{\'i}az-V{\'e}lez, {J. C.} and J. Dreyer and Dumm, {J. P.} and M. Dunkman and R. Eagan and J. Eisch and Ellsworth, {R. W.} and O. Engdeg{\aa}rd and S. Euler and Evenson, {P. A.} and O. Fadiran and Fazely, {A. R.} and A. Fedynitch and J. Feintzeig and T. Feusels and K. Filimonov and C. Finley and T. Fischer-Wasels and S. Flis and A. Franckowiak and R. Franke and K. Frantzen and T. Fuchs and Gaisser, {T. K.} and J. Gallagher and L. Gerhardt and L. Gladstone and T. Gl{\"u}senkamp and A. Goldschmidt and Goodman, {J. A.} and D. G{\'o}ra and D. Grant and A. Gro{\ss} and S. Grullon and M. Gurtner and C. Ha and Ismail, {A. Haj} and A. Hallgren and F. Halzen and K. Hanson and D. Heereman and P. Heimann and D. Heinen and K. Helbing and R. Hellauer and S. Hickford and Hill, {G. C.} and Hoffman, {K. D.} and R. Hoffmann and A. Homeier and K. Hoshina and W. Huelsnitz and Hulth, {P. O.} and K. Hultqvist and S. Hussain and A. Ishihara and E. Jacobi and J. Jacobsen and Japaridze, {G. S.} and O. Jlelati and H. Johansson and A. Kappes and T. Karg and A. Karle and J. Kiryluk and F. Kislat and J. Kl{\"a}s and Klein, {S. R.} and K{\"o}hne, {J. H.} and G. Kohnen and H. Kolanoski and L. K{\"o}pke and C. Kopper and S. Kopper and Koskinen, {D. J.} and M. Kowalski and M. Krasberg and G. Kroll and J. Kunnen and N. Kurahashi and T. Kuwabara and M. Labare and K. Laihem and H. Landsman and Larson, {M. J.} and R. Lauer and M. Lesiak-Bzdak and J. L{\"u}nemann and J. Madsen and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and Matis, {H. S.} and F. McNally and K. Meagher and M. Merck and Meszaros, {Peter Istvan} and T. Meures and S. Miarecki and E. Middell and N. Milke and J. Miller and L. Mohrmann and T. Montaruli and R. Morse and Movit, {S. M.} and R. Nahnhauer and U. Naumann and Nowicki, {S. C.} and Nygren, {D. R.} and A. Obertacke and S. Odrowski and A. Olivas and M. Olivo and A. O'Murchadha and S. Panknin and L. Paul and Pepper, {J. A.} and {De Los Heros}, {C. P{\'e}rez} and D. Pieloth and N. Pirk and J. Posselt and Price, {P. B.} and Przybylski, {G. T.} and L. R{\"a}del and K. Rawlins and P. Redl and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Ribordy and M. Richman and B. Riedel and Rodrigues, {J. P.} and F. Rothmaier and C. Rott and T. Ruhe and D. Rutledge and B. Ruzybayev and D. Ryckbosch and T. Salameh and Sander, {H. G.} and M. Santander and S. Sarkar and Saba, {S. M.} and K. Schatto and M. Scheel and F. Scheriau and T. Schmidt and M. Schmitz and S. Schoenen and S. Sch{\"o}neberg and L. Sch{\"o}nherr and A. Sch{\"o}nwald and A. Schukraft and L. Schulte and O. Schulz and D. Seckel and Seo, {S. H.} and Y. Sestayo and S. Seunarine and Smith, {M. W.E.} and M. Soiron and D. Soldin and Spiczak, {G. M.} and C. Spiering and M. Stamatikos and T. Stanev and A. Stasik and T. Stezelberger and Stokstad, {R. G.} and A. St{\"o}{\ss}l and Strahler, {E. A.} and R. Str{\"o}m and Sullivan, {G. W.} and H. Taavola and I. Taboada and A. Tamburro and S. Ter-Antonyan and S. Tilav and Toale, {P. A.} and S. Toscano and M. Usner and {Van Eijndhoven}, N. and {Van Der Drift}, D. and {Van Overloop}, A. and {Van Santen}, J. and M. Vehring and M. Voge and C. Walck and T. Waldenmaier and M. Wallraff and M. Walter and R. Wasserman and Ch Weaver and C. Wendt and S. Westerhoff and N. Whitehorn and K. Wiebe and Wiebusch, {C. H.} and Williams, {D. R.} and H. Wissing and M. Wolf and Wood, {T. R.} and K. Woschnagg and C. Xu and Xu, {D. L.} and Xu, {X. W.} and Yanez, {J. P.} and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and P. Zarzhitsky and J. Ziemann and A. Zilles and M. Zoll",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1016/j.astropartphys.2012.11.003",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "42",
pages = "15--32",
journal = "Astroparticle Physics",
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}

Abbasi, R, Abdou, Y, Ackermann, M, Adams, J, Aguilar, JA, Ahlers, M, Altmann, D, Andeen, K, Auffenberg, J, Bai, X, Baker, M, Barwick, SW, Baum, V, Bay, R, Beattie, K, Beatty, JJ, Bechet, S, Becker, JK, Becker, KH, Bell, M, Benabderrahmane, ML, Benzvi, S, Berdermann, J, Berghaus, P, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Bertrand, D, Besson, DZ, Bindig, D, Bissok, M, Blaufuss, E, Blumenthal, J, Boersma, DJ, Bohm, C, Bose, D, Böser, S, Botner, O, Brayeur, L, Brown, AM, Bruijn, R, Brunner, J, Buitink, S, Caballero-Mora, KS, Carson, M, Casey, J, Casier, M, Chirkin, D, Christy, B, Clevermann, F, Cohen, S, Cowen, D, Silva, AHC, Danninger, M, Daughhetee, J, Davis, JC, De Clercq, C, Descamps, F, Desiati, P, De Vries-Uiterweerd, G, Deyoung, T, Díaz-Vélez, JC, Dreyer, J, Dumm, JP, Dunkman, M, Eagan, R, Eisch, J, Ellsworth, RW, Engdegård, O, Euler, S, Evenson, PA, Fadiran, O, Fazely, AR, Fedynitch, A, Feintzeig, J, Feusels, T, Filimonov, K, Finley, C, Fischer-Wasels, T, Flis, S, Franckowiak, A, Franke, R, Frantzen, K, Fuchs, T, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Gerhardt, L, Gladstone, L, Glüsenkamp, T, Goldschmidt, A, Goodman, JA, Góra, D, Grant, D, Groß, A, Grullon, S, Gurtner, M, Ha, C, Ismail, AH, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Hanson, K, Heereman, D, Heimann, P, Heinen, D, Helbing, K, Hellauer, R, Hickford, S, Hill, GC, Hoffman, KD, Hoffmann, R, Homeier, A, Hoshina, K, Huelsnitz, W, Hulth, PO, Hultqvist, K, Hussain, S, Ishihara, A, Jacobi, E, Jacobsen, J, Japaridze, GS, Jlelati, O, Johansson, H, Kappes, A, Karg, T, Karle, A, Kiryluk, J, Kislat, F, Kläs, J, Klein, SR, Köhne, JH, Kohnen, G, Kolanoski, H, Köpke, L, Kopper, C, Kopper, S, Koskinen, DJ, Kowalski, M, Krasberg, M, Kroll, G, Kunnen, J, Kurahashi, N, Kuwabara, T, Labare, M, Laihem, K, Landsman, H, Larson, MJ, Lauer, R, Lesiak-Bzdak, M, Lünemann, J, Madsen, J, Maruyama, R, Mase, K, Matis, HS, McNally, F, Meagher, K, Merck, M, Meszaros, PI, Meures, T, Miarecki, S, Middell, E, Milke, N, Miller, J, Mohrmann, L, Montaruli, T, Morse, R, Movit, SM, Nahnhauer, R, Naumann, U, Nowicki, SC, Nygren, DR, Obertacke, A, Odrowski, S, Olivas, A, Olivo, M, O'Murchadha, A, Panknin, S, Paul, L, Pepper, JA, De Los Heros, CP, Pieloth, D, Pirk, N, Posselt, J, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Rädel, L, Rawlins, K, Redl, P, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Ribordy, M, Richman, M, Riedel, B, Rodrigues, JP, Rothmaier, F, Rott, C, Ruhe, T, Rutledge, D, Ruzybayev, B, Ryckbosch, D, Salameh, T, Sander, HG, Santander, M, Sarkar, S, Saba, SM, Schatto, K, Scheel, M, Scheriau, F, Schmidt, T, Schmitz, M, Schoenen, S, Schöneberg, S, Schönherr, L, Schönwald, A, Schukraft, A, Schulte, L, Schulz, O, Seckel, D, Seo, SH, Sestayo, Y, Seunarine, S, Smith, MWE, Soiron, M, Soldin, D, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stamatikos, M, Stanev, T, Stasik, A, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Stößl, A, Strahler, EA, Ström, R, Sullivan, GW, Taavola, H, Taboada, I, Tamburro, A, Ter-Antonyan, S, Tilav, S, Toale, PA, Toscano, S, Usner, M, Van Eijndhoven, N, Van Der Drift, D, Van Overloop, A, Van Santen, J, Vehring, M, Voge, M, Walck, C, Waldenmaier, T, Wallraff, M, Walter, M, Wasserman, R, Weaver, C, Wendt, C, Westerhoff, S, Whitehorn, N, Wiebe, K, Wiebusch, CH, Williams, DR, Wissing, H, Wolf, M, Wood, TR, Woschnagg, K, Xu, C, Xu, DL, Xu, XW, Yanez, JP, Yodh, G, Yoshida, S, Zarzhitsky, P, Ziemann, J, Zilles, A & Zoll, M 2013, 'Cosmic ray composition and energy spectrum from 1-30 PeV using the 40-string configuration of IceTop and IceCube', Astroparticle Physics, vol. 42, pp. 15-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2012.11.003

Cosmic ray composition and energy spectrum from 1-30 PeV using the 40-string configuration of IceTop and IceCube. / Abbasi, R.; Abdou, Y.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Altmann, D.; Andeen, K.; Auffenberg, J.; Bai, X.; Baker, M.; Barwick, S. W.; Baum, V.; Bay, R.; Beattie, K.; Beatty, J. J.; Bechet, S.; Becker, J. K.; Becker, K. H.; Bell, M.; Benabderrahmane, M. L.; Benzvi, S.; Berdermann, J.; Berghaus, P.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bertrand, D.; Besson, D. Z.; Bindig, D.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Blumenthal, J.; Boersma, D. J.; Bohm, C.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Brayeur, L.; Brown, A. M.; Bruijn, R.; Brunner, J.; Buitink, S.; Caballero-Mora, K. S.; Carson, M.; Casey, J.; Casier, M.; Chirkin, D.; Christy, B.; Clevermann, F.; Cohen, S.; Cowen, Douglas; Silva, A. H.Cruz; Danninger, M.; Daughhetee, J.; Davis, J. C.; De Clercq, C.; Descamps, F.; Desiati, P.; De Vries-Uiterweerd, G.; Deyoung, T.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Dreyer, J.; Dumm, J. P.; Dunkman, M.; Eagan, R.; Eisch, J.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Engdegård, O.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P. A.; Fadiran, O.; Fazely, A. R.; Fedynitch, A.; Feintzeig, J.; Feusels, T.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Fischer-Wasels, T.; Flis, S.; Franckowiak, A.; Franke, R.; Frantzen, K.; Fuchs, T.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Gladstone, L.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Goodman, J. A.; Góra, D.; Grant, D.; Groß, A.; Grullon, S.; Gurtner, M.; Ha, C.; Ismail, A. Haj; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hanson, K.; Heereman, D.; Heimann, P.; Heinen, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellauer, R.; Hickford, S.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoffmann, R.; Homeier, A.; Hoshina, K.; Huelsnitz, W.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hussain, S.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobi, E.; Jacobsen, J.; Japaridze, G. S.; Jlelati, O.; Johansson, H.; Kappes, A.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Kiryluk, J.; Kislat, F.; Kläs, J.; Klein, S. R.; Köhne, J. H.; Kohnen, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, C.; Kopper, S.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Krasberg, M.; Kroll, G.; Kunnen, J.; Kurahashi, N.; Kuwabara, T.; Labare, M.; Laihem, K.; Landsman, H.; Larson, M. J.; Lauer, R.; Lesiak-Bzdak, M.; Lünemann, J.; Madsen, J.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Matis, H. S.; McNally, F.; Meagher, K.; Merck, M.; Meszaros, Peter Istvan; Meures, T.; Miarecki, S.; Middell, E.; Milke, N.; Miller, J.; Mohrmann, L.; Montaruli, T.; Morse, R.; Movit, S. M.; Nahnhauer, R.; Naumann, U.; Nowicki, S. C.; Nygren, D. R.; Obertacke, A.; Odrowski, S.; Olivas, A.; Olivo, M.; O'Murchadha, A.; Panknin, S.; Paul, L.; Pepper, J. A.; De Los Heros, C. Pérez; Pieloth, D.; Pirk, N.; Posselt, J.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Rädel, L.; Rawlins, K.; Redl, P.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Richman, M.; Riedel, B.; Rodrigues, J. P.; Rothmaier, F.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Rutledge, D.; Ruzybayev, B.; Ryckbosch, D.; Salameh, T.; Sander, H. G.; Santander, M.; Sarkar, S.; Saba, S. M.; Schatto, K.; Scheel, M.; Scheriau, F.; Schmidt, T.; Schmitz, M.; Schoenen, S.; Schöneberg, S.; Schönherr, L.; Schönwald, A.; Schukraft, A.; Schulte, L.; Schulz, O.; Seckel, D.; Seo, S. H.; Sestayo, Y.; Seunarine, S.; Smith, M. W.E.; Soiron, M.; Soldin, D.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stamatikos, M.; Stanev, T.; Stasik, A.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stößl, A.; Strahler, E. A.; Ström, R.; Sullivan, G. W.; Taavola, H.; Taboada, I.; Tamburro, A.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Toscano, S.; Usner, M.; Van Eijndhoven, N.; Van Der Drift, D.; Van Overloop, A.; Van Santen, J.; Vehring, M.; Voge, M.; Walck, C.; Waldenmaier, T.; Wallraff, M.; Walter, M.; Wasserman, R.; Weaver, Ch; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whitehorn, N.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Williams, D. R.; Wissing, H.; Wolf, M.; Wood, T. R.; Woschnagg, K.; Xu, C.; Xu, D. L.; Xu, X. W.; Yanez, J. P.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Zarzhitsky, P.; Ziemann, J.; Zilles, A.; Zoll, M.

In: Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 42, 16.01.2013, p. 15-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cosmic ray composition and energy spectrum from 1-30 PeV using the 40-string configuration of IceTop and IceCube

AU - Abbasi, R.

AU - Abdou, Y.

AU - Ackermann, M.

AU - Adams, J.

AU - Aguilar, J. A.

AU - Ahlers, M.

AU - Altmann, D.

AU - Andeen, K.

AU - Auffenberg, J.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Baker, M.

AU - Barwick, S. W.

AU - Baum, V.

AU - Bay, R.

AU - Beattie, K.

AU - Beatty, J. J.

AU - Bechet, S.

AU - Becker, J. K.

AU - Becker, K. H.

AU - Bell, M.

AU - Benabderrahmane, M. L.

AU - Benzvi, S.

AU - Berdermann, J.

AU - Berghaus, P.

AU - Berley, D.

AU - Bernardini, E.

AU - Bertrand, D.

AU - Besson, D. Z.

AU - Bindig, D.

AU - Bissok, M.

AU - Blaufuss, E.

AU - Blumenthal, J.

AU - Boersma, D. J.

AU - Bohm, C.

AU - Bose, D.

AU - Böser, S.

AU - Botner, O.

AU - Brayeur, L.

AU - Brown, A. M.

AU - Bruijn, R.

AU - Brunner, J.

AU - Buitink, S.

AU - Caballero-Mora, K. S.

AU - Carson, M.

AU - Casey, J.

AU - Casier, M.

AU - Chirkin, D.

AU - Christy, B.

AU - Clevermann, F.

AU - Cohen, S.

AU - Cowen, Douglas

AU - Silva, A. H.Cruz

AU - Danninger, M.

AU - Daughhetee, J.

AU - Davis, J. C.

AU - De Clercq, C.

AU - Descamps, F.

AU - Desiati, P.

AU - De Vries-Uiterweerd, G.

AU - Deyoung, T.

AU - Díaz-Vélez, J. C.

AU - Dreyer, J.

AU - Dumm, J. P.

AU - Dunkman, M.

AU - Eagan, R.

AU - Eisch, J.

AU - Ellsworth, R. W.

AU - Engdegård, O.

AU - Euler, S.

AU - Evenson, P. A.

AU - Fadiran, O.

AU - Fazely, A. R.

AU - Fedynitch, A.

AU - Feintzeig, J.

AU - Feusels, T.

AU - Filimonov, K.

AU - Finley, C.

AU - Fischer-Wasels, T.

AU - Flis, S.

AU - Franckowiak, A.

AU - Franke, R.

AU - Frantzen, K.

AU - Fuchs, T.

AU - Gaisser, T. K.

AU - Gallagher, J.

AU - Gerhardt, L.

AU - Gladstone, L.

AU - Glüsenkamp, T.

AU - Goldschmidt, A.

AU - Goodman, J. A.

AU - Góra, D.

AU - Grant, D.

AU - Groß, A.

AU - Grullon, S.

AU - Gurtner, M.

AU - Ha, C.

AU - Ismail, A. Haj

AU - Hallgren, A.

AU - Halzen, F.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Heereman, D.

AU - Heimann, P.

AU - Heinen, D.

AU - Helbing, K.

AU - Hellauer, R.

AU - Hickford, S.

AU - Hill, G. C.

AU - Hoffman, K. D.

AU - Hoffmann, R.

AU - Homeier, A.

AU - Hoshina, K.

AU - Huelsnitz, W.

AU - Hulth, P. O.

AU - Hultqvist, K.

AU - Hussain, S.

AU - Ishihara, A.

AU - Jacobi, E.

AU - Jacobsen, J.

AU - Japaridze, G. S.

AU - Jlelati, O.

AU - Johansson, H.

AU - Kappes, A.

AU - Karg, T.

AU - Karle, A.

AU - Kiryluk, J.

AU - Kislat, F.

AU - Kläs, J.

AU - Klein, S. R.

AU - Köhne, J. H.

AU - Kohnen, G.

AU - Kolanoski, H.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kopper, C.

AU - Kopper, S.

AU - Koskinen, D. J.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Krasberg, M.

AU - Kroll, G.

AU - Kunnen, J.

AU - Kurahashi, N.

AU - Kuwabara, T.

AU - Labare, M.

AU - Laihem, K.

AU - Landsman, H.

AU - Larson, M. J.

AU - Lauer, R.

AU - Lesiak-Bzdak, M.

AU - Lünemann, J.

AU - Madsen, J.

AU - Maruyama, R.

AU - Mase, K.

AU - Matis, H. S.

AU - McNally, F.

AU - Meagher, K.

AU - Merck, M.

AU - Meszaros, Peter Istvan

AU - Meures, T.

AU - Miarecki, S.

AU - Middell, E.

AU - Milke, N.

AU - Miller, J.

AU - Mohrmann, L.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Morse, R.

AU - Movit, S. M.

AU - Nahnhauer, R.

AU - Naumann, U.

AU - Nowicki, S. C.

AU - Nygren, D. R.

AU - Obertacke, A.

AU - Odrowski, S.

AU - Olivas, A.

AU - Olivo, M.

AU - O'Murchadha, A.

AU - Panknin, S.

AU - Paul, L.

AU - Pepper, J. A.

AU - De Los Heros, C. Pérez

AU - Pieloth, D.

AU - Pirk, N.

AU - Posselt, J.

AU - Price, P. B.

AU - Przybylski, G. T.

AU - Rädel, L.

AU - Rawlins, K.

AU - Redl, P.

AU - Resconi, E.

AU - Rhode, W.

AU - Ribordy, M.

AU - Richman, M.

AU - Riedel, B.

AU - Rodrigues, J. P.

AU - Rothmaier, F.

AU - Rott, C.

AU - Ruhe, T.

AU - Rutledge, D.

AU - Ruzybayev, B.

AU - Ryckbosch, D.

AU - Salameh, T.

AU - Sander, H. G.

AU - Santander, M.

AU - Sarkar, S.

AU - Saba, S. M.

AU - Schatto, K.

AU - Scheel, M.

AU - Scheriau, F.

AU - Schmidt, T.

AU - Schmitz, M.

AU - Schoenen, S.

AU - Schöneberg, S.

AU - Schönherr, L.

AU - Schönwald, A.

AU - Schukraft, A.

AU - Schulte, L.

AU - Schulz, O.

AU - Seckel, D.

AU - Seo, S. H.

AU - Sestayo, Y.

AU - Seunarine, S.

AU - Smith, M. W.E.

AU - Soiron, M.

AU - Soldin, D.

AU - Spiczak, G. M.

AU - Spiering, C.

AU - Stamatikos, M.

AU - Stanev, T.

AU - Stasik, A.

AU - Stezelberger, T.

AU - Stokstad, R. G.

AU - Stößl, A.

AU - Strahler, E. A.

AU - Ström, R.

AU - Sullivan, G. W.

AU - Taavola, H.

AU - Taboada, I.

AU - Tamburro, A.

AU - Ter-Antonyan, S.

AU - Tilav, S.

AU - Toale, P. A.

AU - Toscano, S.

AU - Usner, M.

AU - Van Eijndhoven, N.

AU - Van Der Drift, D.

AU - Van Overloop, A.

AU - Van Santen, J.

AU - Vehring, M.

AU - Voge, M.

AU - Walck, C.

AU - Waldenmaier, T.

AU - Wallraff, M.

AU - Walter, M.

AU - Wasserman, R.

AU - Weaver, Ch

AU - Wendt, C.

AU - Westerhoff, S.

AU - Whitehorn, N.

AU - Wiebe, K.

AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

AU - Williams, D. R.

AU - Wissing, H.

AU - Wolf, M.

AU - Wood, T. R.

AU - Woschnagg, K.

AU - Xu, C.

AU - Xu, D. L.

AU - Xu, X. W.

AU - Yanez, J. P.

AU - Yodh, G.

AU - Yoshida, S.

AU - Zarzhitsky, P.

AU - Ziemann, J.

AU - Zilles, A.

AU - Zoll, M.

PY - 2013/1/16

Y1 - 2013/1/16

N2 - The mass composition of high energy cosmic rays depends on their production, acceleration, and propagation. The study of cosmic ray composition can therefore reveal hints of the origin of these particles. At the South Pole, the IceCube Neutrino Observatory is capable of measuring two components of cosmic ray air showers in coincidence: the electromagnetic component at high altitude (2835 m) using the IceTop surface array, and the muonic component above ∼1 TeV using the IceCube array. This unique detector arrangement provides an opportunity for precision measurements of the cosmic ray energy spectrum and composition in the region of the knee and beyond. We present the results of a neural network analysis technique to study the cosmic ray composition and the energy spectrum from 1 PeV to 30 PeV using data recorded using the 40-string/40-station configuration of the IceCube Neutrino Observatory.

AB - The mass composition of high energy cosmic rays depends on their production, acceleration, and propagation. The study of cosmic ray composition can therefore reveal hints of the origin of these particles. At the South Pole, the IceCube Neutrino Observatory is capable of measuring two components of cosmic ray air showers in coincidence: the electromagnetic component at high altitude (2835 m) using the IceTop surface array, and the muonic component above ∼1 TeV using the IceCube array. This unique detector arrangement provides an opportunity for precision measurements of the cosmic ray energy spectrum and composition in the region of the knee and beyond. We present the results of a neural network analysis technique to study the cosmic ray composition and the energy spectrum from 1 PeV to 30 PeV using data recorded using the 40-string/40-station configuration of the IceCube Neutrino Observatory.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872167020&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84872167020&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2012.11.003

DO - 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2012.11.003

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 15

EP - 32

JO - Astroparticle Physics

JF - Astroparticle Physics

SN - 0927-6505

ER -