In contrast to scalar and tensor modes, vector modes of linear perturbations around an expanding Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe decay. This makes them largely irrelevant for late time cosmology, assuming that all modes started out at a similar magnitude at some early stage. By now, however, bouncing models are frequently considered which exhibit a collapsing phase. Before this phase reaches a minimum size and re-expands, vector modes grow. Such modes are thus relevant for the bounce and may even signal the breakdown of perturbation theory if the growth is too strong. Here, a gauge-invariant formulation of vector mode perturbations in Hamiltonian cosmology is presented. This lays out a framework for studying possible canonical quantum gravity effects, such as those of loop quantum gravity, at an effective level. As an explicit example, typical quantum corrections, namely those coming from inverse densitized triad components and holonomies, are shown to increase the growth rate of vector perturbations in the contracting phase, but only slightly. Effects at the bounce of the background geometry can, however, be much stronger.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)