Counterion dynamics in polyurethane-carboxylate ionomers with ionic liquid counterions

Shih Wa Wang, Wenjuan Liu, Ralph H. Colby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polyurethane carboxylate ionomers based on poly(ethylene glycol) (M n = 600) with sodium and various ammonium, phosphonium and imidazolium cations are synthesized for systematic comparison of different cationic counterions. Generally, larger cations act as plasticizers, lowering Tg because of weaker Coulombic force for ion associations (acting as physical cross-links). Tg can be reduced from 47 °C to -6 °C when replacing Na+ with large ether-oxygen containing ammonium without changing polymer composition and the lower Tg can enhance ionic conductivity by 5 orders of magnitude. Ionic conductivity has a stronger correlation with segmental relaxation than Tg, suggesting that counterion motion is coupled to the poly(ethylene oxide) local motions. An electrode polarization model is used to quantify the conducting ion concentration and mobility. All cation mobility follows VFT behavior, whereas conducting ion concentration has an Arrhenius temperature dependence, with slope providing activation energy and intercept determining the fraction of counterions available to participate in ionic conduction. Sodium counterions are mostly trapped by pPDI-carboxylate-pPDI segments, whereas the larger counterions are less trapped. Cation species and methoxyalkyl tails were found to impact both conducting ion concentration and their mobility but Tg and α-relaxation time are the key factors for ionic conductivity at a given temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1862-1873
Number of pages12
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 12 2011

Fingerprint

Ionic Liquids
Polyurethanes
Ionomers
Ionic liquids
Cations
Ionic conductivity
Positive ions
Ions
Ammonium Compounds
Sodium
Ionic conduction
Plasticizers
Polyethylene oxides
Ether
Relaxation time
Polyethylene glycols
Ethers
Polymers
Activation energy
Polarization

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

@article{200486ac667949439111324bdefb3570,
title = "Counterion dynamics in polyurethane-carboxylate ionomers with ionic liquid counterions",
abstract = "Polyurethane carboxylate ionomers based on poly(ethylene glycol) (M n = 600) with sodium and various ammonium, phosphonium and imidazolium cations are synthesized for systematic comparison of different cationic counterions. Generally, larger cations act as plasticizers, lowering Tg because of weaker Coulombic force for ion associations (acting as physical cross-links). Tg can be reduced from 47 °C to -6 °C when replacing Na+ with large ether-oxygen containing ammonium without changing polymer composition and the lower Tg can enhance ionic conductivity by 5 orders of magnitude. Ionic conductivity has a stronger correlation with segmental relaxation than Tg, suggesting that counterion motion is coupled to the poly(ethylene oxide) local motions. An electrode polarization model is used to quantify the conducting ion concentration and mobility. All cation mobility follows VFT behavior, whereas conducting ion concentration has an Arrhenius temperature dependence, with slope providing activation energy and intercept determining the fraction of counterions available to participate in ionic conduction. Sodium counterions are mostly trapped by pPDI-carboxylate-pPDI segments, whereas the larger counterions are less trapped. Cation species and methoxyalkyl tails were found to impact both conducting ion concentration and their mobility but Tg and α-relaxation time are the key factors for ionic conductivity at a given temperature.",
author = "Wang, {Shih Wa} and Wenjuan Liu and Colby, {Ralph H.}",
year = "2011",
month = "4",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1021/cm103548t",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "1862--1873",
journal = "Chemistry of Materials",
issn = "0897-4756",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "7",

}

Counterion dynamics in polyurethane-carboxylate ionomers with ionic liquid counterions. / Wang, Shih Wa; Liu, Wenjuan; Colby, Ralph H.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 23, No. 7, 12.04.2011, p. 1862-1873.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Counterion dynamics in polyurethane-carboxylate ionomers with ionic liquid counterions

AU - Wang, Shih Wa

AU - Liu, Wenjuan

AU - Colby, Ralph H.

PY - 2011/4/12

Y1 - 2011/4/12

N2 - Polyurethane carboxylate ionomers based on poly(ethylene glycol) (M n = 600) with sodium and various ammonium, phosphonium and imidazolium cations are synthesized for systematic comparison of different cationic counterions. Generally, larger cations act as plasticizers, lowering Tg because of weaker Coulombic force for ion associations (acting as physical cross-links). Tg can be reduced from 47 °C to -6 °C when replacing Na+ with large ether-oxygen containing ammonium without changing polymer composition and the lower Tg can enhance ionic conductivity by 5 orders of magnitude. Ionic conductivity has a stronger correlation with segmental relaxation than Tg, suggesting that counterion motion is coupled to the poly(ethylene oxide) local motions. An electrode polarization model is used to quantify the conducting ion concentration and mobility. All cation mobility follows VFT behavior, whereas conducting ion concentration has an Arrhenius temperature dependence, with slope providing activation energy and intercept determining the fraction of counterions available to participate in ionic conduction. Sodium counterions are mostly trapped by pPDI-carboxylate-pPDI segments, whereas the larger counterions are less trapped. Cation species and methoxyalkyl tails were found to impact both conducting ion concentration and their mobility but Tg and α-relaxation time are the key factors for ionic conductivity at a given temperature.

AB - Polyurethane carboxylate ionomers based on poly(ethylene glycol) (M n = 600) with sodium and various ammonium, phosphonium and imidazolium cations are synthesized for systematic comparison of different cationic counterions. Generally, larger cations act as plasticizers, lowering Tg because of weaker Coulombic force for ion associations (acting as physical cross-links). Tg can be reduced from 47 °C to -6 °C when replacing Na+ with large ether-oxygen containing ammonium without changing polymer composition and the lower Tg can enhance ionic conductivity by 5 orders of magnitude. Ionic conductivity has a stronger correlation with segmental relaxation than Tg, suggesting that counterion motion is coupled to the poly(ethylene oxide) local motions. An electrode polarization model is used to quantify the conducting ion concentration and mobility. All cation mobility follows VFT behavior, whereas conducting ion concentration has an Arrhenius temperature dependence, with slope providing activation energy and intercept determining the fraction of counterions available to participate in ionic conduction. Sodium counterions are mostly trapped by pPDI-carboxylate-pPDI segments, whereas the larger counterions are less trapped. Cation species and methoxyalkyl tails were found to impact both conducting ion concentration and their mobility but Tg and α-relaxation time are the key factors for ionic conductivity at a given temperature.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79953713250&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79953713250&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/cm103548t

DO - 10.1021/cm103548t

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:79953713250

VL - 23

SP - 1862

EP - 1873

JO - Chemistry of Materials

JF - Chemistry of Materials

SN - 0897-4756

IS - 7

ER -