Coupling of nonlinear estimation and dynamic sensor tasking applied to Space Situational Awareness

Patrick S. Williams, David Bradley Spencer, Richard S. Erwin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The following work examines a multi-object, multi-sensor nonlinear tracking problem, applied specifically to Space Situational Awareness (SSA). The SSA problem is concerned with the tracking, detection, and cataloging of space objects from both ground and space-based sensors and is characterized by having a large number of satellites to track versus few available sensors to track them. This discrepancy gives rise to situations where sensors have multiple satellites within their view and must decide which to observe and which to ignore within the limited time frame those observations remain available, a process known as 'sensor tasking' or 'sensor network management'. In order to make these tasking decisions, it is necessary to create some form of utility metric to determine which satellites are the most advantageous to observe out of all the possibilities available to all sensors at a particular instant of time. This paper will study the use of utility metrics from the expected information gain for each object-sensor pair as well as the approximated stability of the estimation errors in order to work towards an optimal tasking strategy. Furthermore, the paper will investigate the coupling of these tasking strategies to two nonlinear estimators which will provide state and uncertainty estimates throughout the tracking simulations. The investigation of this coupling will demonstrate that the use of more accurate estimators leads to better overall estimates, not only due to the advantages within the estimation methods, but also from the improvement in tasking decisions due to selection of these estimators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASTRODYNAMICS 2011 - Advances in the Astronautical Sciences
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference
Pages2701-2720
Number of pages20
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
Event2011 AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference, ASTRODYNAMICS 2011 - Girdwood, AK, United States
Duration: Jul 31 2011Aug 4 2011

Publication series

NameAdvances in the Astronautical Sciences
Volume142
ISSN (Print)0065-3438

Other

Other2011 AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference, ASTRODYNAMICS 2011
CountryUnited States
CityGirdwood, AK
Period7/31/118/4/11

Fingerprint

situational awareness
sensor
sensors
Sensors
estimators
Satellites
tracking problem
Convergence of numerical methods
Network management
Error analysis
estimates
Sensor networks
estimation method

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Williams, P. S., Spencer, D. B., & Erwin, R. S. (2012). Coupling of nonlinear estimation and dynamic sensor tasking applied to Space Situational Awareness. In ASTRODYNAMICS 2011 - Advances in the Astronautical Sciences: Proceedings of the AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference (pp. 2701-2720). (Advances in the Astronautical Sciences; Vol. 142).
Williams, Patrick S. ; Spencer, David Bradley ; Erwin, Richard S. / Coupling of nonlinear estimation and dynamic sensor tasking applied to Space Situational Awareness. ASTRODYNAMICS 2011 - Advances in the Astronautical Sciences: Proceedings of the AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference. 2012. pp. 2701-2720 (Advances in the Astronautical Sciences).
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Williams, PS, Spencer, DB & Erwin, RS 2012, Coupling of nonlinear estimation and dynamic sensor tasking applied to Space Situational Awareness. in ASTRODYNAMICS 2011 - Advances in the Astronautical Sciences: Proceedings of the AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference. Advances in the Astronautical Sciences, vol. 142, pp. 2701-2720, 2011 AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference, ASTRODYNAMICS 2011, Girdwood, AK, United States, 7/31/11.

Coupling of nonlinear estimation and dynamic sensor tasking applied to Space Situational Awareness. / Williams, Patrick S.; Spencer, David Bradley; Erwin, Richard S.

ASTRODYNAMICS 2011 - Advances in the Astronautical Sciences: Proceedings of the AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference. 2012. p. 2701-2720 (Advances in the Astronautical Sciences; Vol. 142).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Williams PS, Spencer DB, Erwin RS. Coupling of nonlinear estimation and dynamic sensor tasking applied to Space Situational Awareness. In ASTRODYNAMICS 2011 - Advances in the Astronautical Sciences: Proceedings of the AAS/AIAA Astrodynamics Specialist Conference. 2012. p. 2701-2720. (Advances in the Astronautical Sciences).