Coverage change of ground and canopy layers in Abies Tsuga forests during the natural regeneration of Bashania faberi

Shi Qiang Zhou, Zhong Li, Jin Yan Huang, Alan H. Taylor, Dian Liu, Ming Chun Zhang, Xiao Ping Zhou, He Min Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Arrow bamboo (Bashania faberi) is one of the major staple-food species for wild giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). In the spring of 1983, massive flowering and die-off of arrow bamboos occurred in Wolong, Sichuan. The goal of this study is to understand the natural regen- eration process of arrow bamboo, a dominant understory species beneath the canopy of Abies- Tsuga forests, and the relationship between vegetation layers by analyzing the coverage change during different stages of the regeneration process. We measured the coverage of trees, herbs and moss, and bamboos in seven permanent plots in an old-growth Abies-Tsuga forest in Wolong Na- tional Nature Reserve, Sichuan, China from 1984 to 2013. Arrow bamboo died off in 1983 in six of the seven forest plots. The results showed that, except for two plots, the bamboo coverage in the regenerative bamboo forests was increasing since the die-off, reaching 60% in 2013. The cov- erage change of the remnant bamboo forests exhibited a unimodal pattern. The coverage of the herb and moss layers in subsequent years was lower than that of the bamboo die-off phase in five plots. The results from the Kruskai-Wallis test revealed a significant difference in canopy coverage between 1984 and 2013; however, the difference of canopy coverage was minor between those two years, ranging from 0.60% to 18.89%. The difference in coverage change patterns among the seven forest plots was mainly related to site conditions. In addition, we also tried to visualize the bamboo coverage across different time periods, which helped to intuitively understand the spatial dynamic patterns of bamboo coverage during the regeneration process of bamboo forest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2403-2411
Number of pages9
JournalChinese Journal of Ecology
Volume36
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Arundinaria
Tsuga
natural regeneration
bamboo
Abies
bamboos
canopy
die-off
Ailuropoda melanoleuca
moss
herb
mosses and liverworts
China
herbs
regeneration
staple foods
national forests
nature reserve
understory

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

Zhou, Shi Qiang ; Li, Zhong ; Huang, Jin Yan ; Taylor, Alan H. ; Liu, Dian ; Zhang, Ming Chun ; Zhou, Xiao Ping ; Zhang, He Min. / Coverage change of ground and canopy layers in Abies Tsuga forests during the natural regeneration of Bashania faberi. In: Chinese Journal of Ecology. 2017 ; Vol. 36, No. 9. pp. 2403-2411.
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abstract = "Arrow bamboo (Bashania faberi) is one of the major staple-food species for wild giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). In the spring of 1983, massive flowering and die-off of arrow bamboos occurred in Wolong, Sichuan. The goal of this study is to understand the natural regen- eration process of arrow bamboo, a dominant understory species beneath the canopy of Abies- Tsuga forests, and the relationship between vegetation layers by analyzing the coverage change during different stages of the regeneration process. We measured the coverage of trees, herbs and moss, and bamboos in seven permanent plots in an old-growth Abies-Tsuga forest in Wolong Na- tional Nature Reserve, Sichuan, China from 1984 to 2013. Arrow bamboo died off in 1983 in six of the seven forest plots. The results showed that, except for two plots, the bamboo coverage in the regenerative bamboo forests was increasing since the die-off, reaching 60{\%} in 2013. The cov- erage change of the remnant bamboo forests exhibited a unimodal pattern. The coverage of the herb and moss layers in subsequent years was lower than that of the bamboo die-off phase in five plots. The results from the Kruskai-Wallis test revealed a significant difference in canopy coverage between 1984 and 2013; however, the difference of canopy coverage was minor between those two years, ranging from 0.60{\%} to 18.89{\%}. The difference in coverage change patterns among the seven forest plots was mainly related to site conditions. In addition, we also tried to visualize the bamboo coverage across different time periods, which helped to intuitively understand the spatial dynamic patterns of bamboo coverage during the regeneration process of bamboo forest.",
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Coverage change of ground and canopy layers in Abies Tsuga forests during the natural regeneration of Bashania faberi. / Zhou, Shi Qiang; Li, Zhong; Huang, Jin Yan; Taylor, Alan H.; Liu, Dian; Zhang, Ming Chun; Zhou, Xiao Ping; Zhang, He Min.

In: Chinese Journal of Ecology, Vol. 36, No. 9, 01.01.2017, p. 2403-2411.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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