The use of genetically modified germ cells is an ideal system to induce transgenesis in birds; the primordial germ cell (PGC) is the most promising candidate for this system. In the present study, we confirmed the practical application of this system using lentivirus-transduced chicken gonadal PGCs (gPGCs). Embryonic gonads were collected from 5.5-d old Korean Oge chickens (black feathers). The gPGC population was enriched (magnetic-activated cell sorting technique) and then they were transduced with a lentiviral vector expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP), under the control of the Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) promoter. Subsequently, the eGFP-transduced PGCs were transplanted into blood vessels of 2.5-d-old embryonic White Leghorn (white feathers). Among 21 germline chimeric chickens, one male produced transgenic offspring (G1 generation), as demonstrated by testcross and genetic analysis. A homozygous line was produced and maintained through the G3 generation. Based on serum biochemistry, there were no significant physiological differences between G3 homozygotes and non-transgenic chickens. However, since eGFP transgene expression in G3 chickens varied among tissues, it was further characterized by Western blotting and ELISA. Furthermore, there were indications that DNA methylation may have affected tissue-specific expression of transgenes in chickens. In conclusion, the PGC-mediated approach used may be an efficient tool for avian transgenesis, and transgenic chickens could provide a useful model for investigating regulation of gene expression.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Sep 2010|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Small Animals
- Food Animals
- Animal Science and Zoology