Over the past two decades, two dominant themes have emerged in the study of desistance from crime: desistance is a gradual process, and embedded in the desistance process are important life events or turning points. Yet sociological and criminological empirical studies of desistance tend to focus on these two processes separately. Using a panel of serious offenders, we examine the progression over age of the probability of participation in legal employment and offending, and consider how past participation in one regime is associated with the decision to remain in or switch regimes. We model desistance from crime as a discrete-time Markovian process, which allows us to trace the process of desistance prospectively and to embed within it participation in legal work or not. We find that the conditional probabilities of being in certain states (e.g., legal employment, crime) are heavily dependent on one's prior state. Furthermore, we find that this process has inertia-or memory-in that the probability of legal employment increases and the probability of crime decreases, based on accumulated legal employment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sociology and Political Science