Crime rate inference with big data

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Crime is one of the most important social problems in the country, affecting public safety, children development, and adult socioeconomic status. Understanding what factors cause higher crime is critical for policy makers in their efforts to reduce crime and increase citizens' life quality. We tackle a fundamental problem in our paper: crime rate inference at the neighborhood level. Traditional approaches have used demographics and geographical influences to estimate crime rates in a region. With the fast development of positioning technology and prevalence of mobile devices, a large amount of modern urban data have been collected and such big data can provide new perspectives for understanding crime. In this paper, we used large-scale Point-Of-Interest data and taxi flow data in the city of Chicago, IL in the USA. We observed significantly improved performance in crime rate inference compared to using traditional features. Such an improvement is consistent over multiple years. We also show that these new features are significant in the feature importance analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationKDD 2016 - Proceedings of the 22nd ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages635-644
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781450342322
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 13 2016
Event22nd ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, KDD 2016 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Aug 13 2016Aug 17 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
Volume13-17-August-2016

Other

Other22nd ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, KDD 2016
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period8/13/168/17/16

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Information Systems

Cite this

Wang, H., Kifer, D., Graif, C., & Li, Z. (2016). Crime rate inference with big data. In KDD 2016 - Proceedings of the 22nd ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (pp. 635-644). (Proceedings of the ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining; Vol. 13-17-August-2016). Association for Computing Machinery. https://doi.org/10.1145/2939672.2939736